North Fork Podiatry
 
 
Southold Podiatrist Blog

Monday, 24 August 2015


Woman Left Unable to Walk From Arthritis Seeks Independence Through Home Modifications

Plantar Fasciitis

Cindy Sherman has been suffering from arthritis for so long that she has been left unable to use her feet and walk. Hearing about how much Sherman’s life has changed, her former classmate, David Wilson, has partnered with UYM Charities based in Long Island to fund the modification of Sherman’s home to fit her needs. Sherman has been in manufacturing for sixteen years until her condition forced her to stop. Currently surviving with the help of her relatives living with her or close by, they all hope Wilson’s modifications to the Sherman home will have her living a more independent life again.

The feet are often common sites for arthritis to occur in the body. If you are struggling with arthritis in your feet or ankles, call Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork and Three Village Podiatry. Our doctor can examine your lower extremities to help alleviate your joint pain.

Arthritic Foot Care

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of different joints in your body, such as in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. On top of this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help to temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all of your foot ankle injuries.

Read more about Arthritic Foot Care


Monday, 17 August 2015


Pay Attention to Foot Pain

Hammertoe4

Dominque Candelaria suffers from foot pain every morning when she gets out of bed. She claims her pains are consistent to walking on hot coals. Since she has been suffering from this pain for the last two years, she recommends that you pay attention to your feet regularly to find foot problems early. Candelaria’s foot pain was diagnosed as plantar fasciitis, the inflammation of tissue on the bottom of the foot that causes heel pain. The condition is treated with shockwave therapy by breaking up the scar tissue. Other treatments such as physical therapy are also helpful in treating the condition.

Shockwave therapy is a treatment commonly used to treat various injuries and conditions, particularly plantar fasciitis in the feet. To learn more, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will provide you with quality foot and ankle information and treatment.

Shockwave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is a new treatment option designed to treat bone conditions such as tennis elbow, shoulder pain, and others. Shockwave therapy uses high intensity sound waves that are directed to the affected tissues of the body with pinpoint accuracy. The effects are very beneficial, leading to a production of collagen fibers, eliminating inflammation.

Who Benefits from Shockwave?

Shockwave is recommended for patients suffering from heel pain and associated problems. Heel pain is a common condition which can be caused by obesity, overexertion, and spending a substantial amount of time on hard floors with your feet exposed and unsupported.

Fast and Easy

The therapy is actually a simple process that can leave patients feeling better the very next day. Shockwave therapy is not as dramatic as it sounds. It enables more blood flow to effected areas, attacking the source of the problem so treatment lasts for a long time.

Treatment & Recovery Time

Shockwave treatment will enable your feet to recover quickly. This is especially important since surgery is not required. It is cost effective and does not require the use of anesthesia. This treatment is a better option to surgery, since it is proven safe.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Shockwave Therapy


Monday, 10 August 2015


Rolling Stone Ronnie Wood’s Ex-Wife Suffered from Hammertoes

Jo Wood, ex-wife of Rolling Stone’s Ronnie Wood, has suffered from hammertoes, a condition that for her was hereditary and deformed her second toe. The pain eventually had gotten so bad that wood decided to get surgery where the surgeon had to remove a portion of the bone to realign the toe. Although there are non-surgical treatments, surgery becomes a last resort of the pain does not go away. Eighteen months after her surgery, Wood was back into her regular routine.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. If you are suffering from hammertoes, contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

  • Genetics – people who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
  • Arthritis – because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
  • Trauma – direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
  • Ill-fitting shoes – undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

  • Orthotics – custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
  • Medications – oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
  • Surgery – in more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read More about Hammertoes


Monday, 3 August 2015


Foot Stretches that Will Keep Feet Pain Free for Flip Flops

Plantar Fasciitis

Although flip flops are a great method of footwear during warmer months because they appear to be comfortable and convenient, users have to clench their foot muscles to keep them on. This makes the feet susceptible to foot injuries over time. The following foot stretches were created to help reduce the tension flip-flops may cause on the feet.

  1. Stand up straight with one leg reaching behind you while tucking the toes under the foot and place on the floor. Hold stretch for one minute. Can also be done while sitting down.
  2. Place the ball of the foot against a rolled up towel or wall, straighten knee, and let the heel touch the ground. Hold for one minute three times on each foot.
  1. Sit down and cross legs, interlace fingers and toes on one foot and spread toes. Hold for one minute and switch to the other foot.

Stretching the feet is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns with your feet contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Stretching Your Feet

Being the backbone of the body, the feet carry your entire weight and can easily become overexerted, causing cramps and pain. As with any body part, stretching your feet can serve many benefits. From increasing flexibility to even providing some pain relief, be sure to give your feet a stretch from time to time. This is especially important for athletes or anyone performing aerobic exercises, but anyone experiencing foot pain or is on their feet constantly should also engage in this practice.

Good ways to stretch your feet are:

  • Crossing one leg over the others and carefully pull your toes back. Do 10-20 repetitions and repeat the process for each foot
  • Face a wall with your arms out and hands flat against the wall. Step back with one foot and keep it flat on the floor while moving the other leg forward. Lean towards the wall until you feel a stretch. Hold for 30 seconds and perform 10 repetitions for each foot
  • Be sure not to overextend or push your limbs too hard or you could risk pulling or straining your muscle

Individuals who tend to their feet by regular stretching every day should be able to minimize foot pain and prevent new problems from arising.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about stretching the feet.


Monday, 27 June 2015


Gout Often Misdiagnosed in Women

Fungal toenail

Three years ago Kathleen Sundbye began feeling a painful burning sensation in her right foot that was quickly diagnosed as gout. Accordingly, many women are often misdiagnosed since gout is known to occur more likely in males. In recent years more and more women have been diagnosed with the disease; however, it seems to occur in different areas of the lower extremities compared to men. Most men experience gout pain in their knees, ankles, and feet while women will have it in their knees and toes.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you have any concerns regarding gout, consult with Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

What is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and holistic treatment protocols for all your individual foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Gout


Monday, 20 July 2015


Kansas Man Runs Cross Country Barefoot Full Time for the Semper Fi Fund

Fungal toenail

Jake Brown has spent the last couple of months running around the country to help raise money for the Semper Fi Fund, a fundraiser for injured veterans. Additionally, Brown plans to run from California to New York by early September to set an Only Known Time record as the first and only person to run across the country barefoot. Running on average 25 miles a day since March, Brown’s feet have become blackened with thick calluses. Although Brown tries to stay safe while running his worst injury was stepping on barbed wire hidden in grass, “I had just stepped off the road, and wouldn’t you know that one time you don’t pay attention, that’s when you get hurt.”

Barefoot running has its own share of benefits and disadvantages. To learn more about this trend, consider speaking to Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will explain the facts of barefoot running and help you decide if it’s a practice you’d like to take up.

Barefoot Running

The Impact of Barefoot Running
-Running without shoes changes the motion of your running, as most running is done by landing on the heel of the feet.
-Running barefoot requires a different way of running; the landing is done on the front part of the feet.

The Advantages of Barefoot Running
-When running and landing on the front feet, the impact on the feet and ankle is reduced, this can reduce stress injuries.
-It strengthens muscles in the feet and ankles and the lower legs.
-Balance of the body is improved and there is a greater sensory input from the feet to the rest of the body.

The Drawbacks of Barefoot Running
-No protection while running, makes it likely that runners will land on sharp objects and scrapes, bruises and cuts on the feet will result.
-Blisters may form.
-Possibility of plantar fascia problems.
-Risk of getting Achilles tendonitis.

So what can runners do to make barefoot running safe? It’s best to make a slow transition from running shoes to barefoot running. Once the feet begin to adjust, try walking, then jogging and gradually increasing the distance. Minimalist running shoes may also be an option.

If you have any questions, please contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Barefoot Running


Monday, 13 July 2015


Hydrofeet Insoles Massage Pain of Plantar Warts in Children

Childrens Feet

Hydrofeet uses liquid glycerin and thermoplastic polyurethane to create insoles that ease the pain of plantar warts in children. Children suffering from plantar warts experience discomfort when participating in sports since the warts typically occur on the soles of the feet making standing, walking, or running uncomfortable. The insole adjusts to support the arch of each foot and massages the foot with each step to reduce pain. Although most plantar warts will eventually go away on their own, if your child is experiencing tremendous pain it is always best to see a doctor for treatment.

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you have any concerns with plantar warts on your feet contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Legions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, will help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about plantar warts.


Monday, 6 July 2015


Bryce Dallas Howard of Jurassic World had to Strengthen Ankles to Run in High Heels

feet3

In the new Jurassic World movie, Bryce Dallas Howard was often seen running away from dinosaurs in high heels. Although it would seem strange to have a character not change into a more stable shoe to run around in, Howard believed it was a proper fit for the movie and trained her ankles accordingly for the role. With the help of UFC winner Pete Williams, she participated in balance and ankle exercises to help reduce any potential injuries of running around in high heels. “I remember about half-way through I thought to myself, ‘Man, my ankles are so strong,’” the actress stated.

Running in high heels can cause many problems for the feet and ankles. If you have any concerns about your feet contact Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Effects of High Heels on the Feet

High heels are popular shoes among women because they are associated with femininity.  Despite their appeal, they can cause many health problems if worn too frequently.

What parts my body will be affected by high heels?

  • Ankle Joints
  • Achilles Tendon – may shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
  • Balls of the Feet
  • Knees – heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
  • Back – they decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain.  Also, the vertebrae of the lower back may compress.

What kinds of foot problems can develop from wearing high heels?

  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Morton’s Neuroma
  • Plantar Fasciitis

How can I still wear high heels and maintain foot health?

If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems.  Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet.  Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising.  If you walk to work, try carrying your heels with you and changing into them once you arrive at work.  Adding inserts to your heels can help cushion your feet and absorb shock; you can buy either full inserts or metatarsal pads. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about the effects of high heels.


Monday, 29 June 2015


Study Finds that Low Vitamin D Can Contribute to Neuropathy Pain

Diabetic foot care

According to a study presented at the American Diabetes Association 2015 Scientific Sessions, low levels of vitamin D can contribute to painful diabetic neuropathy. The study included 45 patients with type 2 diabetes some with painful neuropathy, painless neuropathy, and no neuropathy. After completing questionnaires to asses sunlight exposure and symptoms, the patients went through clinical, neurophysiological, lower-limb skin intra-epidermal nerve fiber density tests. The end results showed that the painful neuropathy group had the lowest levels of vitamin D.

Neuropathy is a common and pain condition for diabetic patients. If you have any concerns about your diabetic feet, contact Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. Diabetes can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels because blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about diabetic feet.


Monday, 22 June 2015


Athlete’s Foot Can Develop into More Serious Conditions if not Properly Treated

Fungal toenail

Athlete’s foot has been known to rise more so in the warmer months. Luckily, the condition can be a quick fix most of the time. Athlete’s foot or any other kind of foot fungus can appear as red, scaly, or very dry, typically healed with antifungal cream. The condition is very contagious, making it important to keep your feet protected and to let anyone that may have close contact know you are suffering. If your feet go untreated for more than a week or two, secondary bacterial infections may develop and can potentially invade the nail beds.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you are concerned about your athlete’s foot contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speaking to your podiatrist will give you a better understanding of the different causes of athlete’s foot, as well as helping you figure out which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about athlete’s foot.


Monday, 15 June 2015


Teacher Runs Boston Marathon with Stress Fracture

Plantar Fasciitis

Kate Gabey, health teacher at Lincoln-Way North, recently completed the Boston Marathon with a stress fracture. The physical education teacher and avid runner continued her training for the marathon as she normally would when she started to feel extensive pain in her foot. “I ended up going in to see a doctor and found out it was a stress fracture,” Gabey stated. Ultimately the teacher was able to run the marathon with the stress fracture and was greeted at the finish line by Lincoln-Way North colleagues such as Brooke Vesely.

Many marathon runners are susceptible to receiving stress fractures because of the intense training they may undergo. If you would like treatment for a stress fracture, contact Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

The Stress Fractures occur on the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  Then the feet and ankles lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection the bones receive the full impact of each step. The stress on the feet causes cracks to form in the bones, thus called stress fractures.

What are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

- runners                                  

- people affected with Osteoporosis

- play tennis or basketball

- gymnastics

- high impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures, and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves in high impact will aggravate pain.

For more information about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle, follow the link below.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle


Monday, 8 June 2015


Washington Nationals Suffers from Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis

Ryan Zimmerman is still in the Nationals’ lineup despite his plantar fasciitis pain. Although his game has been unaffected by the condition, Zimmerman has been suffering with chronic pain since April despite regular treatment. The player does not want to make a big deal about the condition stating, “We treat it and we manage it enough where in the game it honestly doesn’t bother me that much. You talk to anybody in this room, I’m sure they have something they could complain to you about.”

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, visit Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor can treat your heel pain as well as any other foot or ankle condition.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of a the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

·      Excessive running

·      Non-supportive shoes

·      Overpronation

·      Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

·      Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices

·      Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis

·      Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions, please contact our offices in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis 


Monday, 1 June 2015


New Minimally Invasive Surgery for Achilles Tendon Injuries

Ankle Injury

Weronika Molinski was on her way to start a new fitness program in Colorado when she ruptured her Achilles tendon. Although she was unable to walk for a few months, Molinski was treated with a new minimally invasive surgery that is often compared to knitting. Doctors would use a device to attach sutures to her tendon and pull the sutures in and out of her skin. This method additionally leaves a smaller scar compared to the large vertical scar left with traditional surgeries. While Molinski was simply happy she could exercise again doctors stated, “The benefit is, by making a small incision, you’re minimizing the risk associated with fixing a tendon repair.”

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can cause severe difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

- Inflammation

- Dull to Severe Pain

- Increased blood flow to the tendon

- Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot

- Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise

- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles tendon injuries.


Monday, 25 May 2015


Exercises for Pregnant Women and their Feet

xray

Although soon-to-be moms have many things to take care of during pregnancy, it is additionally important that feet and ankles are paid attention to. During pregnancy many women experience natural weight gain in addition to swollen ankles, feet, and flat feet. Accordingly there are certain exercise techniques that can help reduce these foot ailments. If sitting for a long period of time, take short walks regularly to reduce swelling in the feet and ankles. To reduce over-pronation or flattening of the arch, stretch the calves, rotate the ankles in a circular motion, and try the reverse and standing calf raise.

Pregnancy can put a tremendous amount of stress on the feet. If you have any concerns contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about pregnancy and feet.


Monday, 18 May 2015


Study Finds Link between Acne and RA

xrayAccording to research conducted by scientists at the Leiden University Medical Centre in Holland, rheumatoid arthritis may be triggered through a microbial infection. Researcher Diahann Jansen has stated that the study shows common bacteria in the flu virus as well as acne. “It doesn’t necessarily mean if you get acne you will get rheumatoid arthritis, but it is possible that if you encounter such a pathogen at some point your immune system will start a response to that pathogen,” stated Jansen. This new discovery is only the beginning in understanding the relationship between microbes and rheumatoid arthritis.

Understanding where RA starts will help treat and prevent the condition. If you are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, contact Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Severe pain and immobility are caused by an inflammation of the lining of your joints, and in worse cases the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone can occur.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, many cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area. Pain will often initially present in the toes before the condition worsens and spreads throughout the entire foot.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of the feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis
Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that your podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor may ask you about your medical history and lifestyle to help determine possible causes of your RA.

Treatment
Unfortunately, there is no cure for RA, so treatment options are designed to specifically target the symptoms of it, most notably the pain it causes. Two types of anti-inflammatory drugs – non-steroidal or NSAIDs and corticosteroids – may be prescribed by your doctor. In some severe cases where the joints are too badly damaged, surgery may be an option. As always, speak with your podiatrist to help determine the appropriate treatment options available to you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, Riverhead, and East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


Monday, 11 May 2015

New Orthotic Insole made of Lightweight Materials

The foot has 26 bones, 33 joints, and over 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments, with that being said, it is not uncommon for injuries to occur in the foot. When the average person takes about 10,000 steps a day, it is important to provide adequate support on the feet such as orthotics to prevent injury. Dr. Alan Jacobsen has created a new orthotic insole made out of lightweight materials that are set to become the new world-class high quality foot support. The insoles are built up of layers of long reinforcement fibers and the technology uses light-curing resin instead of bonding with expensive tools. These new orthotics are lighter, less bulky, and are not made out of foam.

If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What are Orthotics?
Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain, but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.

Over-the-Counter Inserts
Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct over arched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.

Prescription Orthotics
If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you, or if you have a more severe foot issue, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and more severe heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses, and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.

If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist on the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain free.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Orthotics


Monday, 04 May 2015

Dancing with the Stars Instructor Suffers from Broken Toe during Rehearsal

Derek Hough, five time champion instructor on Dancing with the Stars, has suffered a broken toe after rehearsing for the show’s 10th anniversary special. Derek will have to stay in Los Angeles until his injuries are rehabilitated. For now his understudy will take over for the New York Spring Spectacular in New York City. As for Dancing with the Stars, Hough was unable to compete with Nastia Liukin, but pro-dancer Sasha Farber stepped in temporarily. “He’ll come back harder, better, faster, stronger,” his co-star stated.

A broken toe can be very painful and lead to complications if not properly fixed. If you have any concerns contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture).

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • throbbing pain
  • swelling
  • bruising on the skin and toenail
  • the inability to move the toe
  • toe appears crooked or disfigured
  • tingling or numbness in the toe

 

Generally, it is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated.

Severe toe fractures may be treated with a splint, cast, and in some cases, minor surgery. Due to its position and the pressure it endures with daily activity, future complications can occur if the big toe is not properly treated.

If you have any concerns please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about a broken toe.


Monday, 27 April 2015

Footballer Out for the Season due to Broken Ankle

brokenewFootballer Emad Sahab of Al Orubah sustained a severe broken ankle after tumbling in a game against Al Shoalah. The ankle twisted 180 degrees.

The game was quickly halted for a temporary amount of time as Sahab’s teammates witnessed the occurrence in great horror. Al Orubah, Sahab’s team, eventually continued their match to win 2-0. The team’s success, however, was overshadowed by the incident and Sahab’s resulting injury.

Broken ankles are very painful. If you have any concerns contact podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Broken Ankles
A broken ankle is experienced when a person fractures their tibia or fibula in the lower leg and ankle area. Both these bones are attached at the bottom of the leg and combine to form what we know to be our ankle.

When a physician is referring to a break of the ankle, he or she is usually referring to a break in the area where the tibia and fibula are joined to create our ankle joint. Ankles are more prone to fractures because the ankle is an area that suffers a lot of pressure and stress. There are some obvious signs when a person experiences a fractured ankle and the following symptoms may be present.

Symptoms of a Fractured Ankle

  • Excessive pain when the area is touched or when any pressure is placed on the ankle
  • Swelling around the area
  • Bruising of the area
  • Area appears to be deformed

If you suspect an ankle fracture, it is recommended to seek treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you have your podiatrist diagnose the fracture, the quicker you’ll be on the way towards recovery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about broken ankles.


Monday, 20 April 2015

Salon Visits can help ease Cracked Heels

According to Suzanne Edmonds of SunMedia, it is best to take good care of your foot health on both the outside and on the inside. Sometimes a trip to the salon for a pedicure is an integral part of maintaining that foot health, especially when it comes to cracked heels. Pedicures involve soaking the foot in warm soapy water in a bowl that is sanitized to avoid bacteria infecting the foot. After the soak, the hardened skin on the heels should be a little softened and easy to file down. The final step of the pedicure is a layer of moisturizer that can also be applied regularly at home to prevent heels from cracking again and simultaneously reducing any calluses that may have formed.

Cracked heels can become painful if left untreated. To learn more, consult with Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.  

The Truth about Cracked Heels

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels are unappealing, and make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Not only may they look bad, but they can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How do you get them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief, or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – wearing socks with medicated creams, helps lock in moisture so it can stay on longer.

Moisturizers – applying it both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – these remove dead skin, and then you can massage cream onto your foot. This way the cream will be absorbed. The skin needs to be exfoliated; therefore the outer layer dead skin needs removal.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Cracked Heels


Monday, 13 April 2015

Tips for a Proper Trail Running Shoe Fit

When it comes to running outdoors, it is important to understand that outdoor trail shoes can be different than regular running shoes or trainers. Mario Fraioli has listed four tips when it comes to understanding the differences in trail running shoes deciding the right type of shoe for you.

  • Trail shoes fit differently than other running shoes, they are snugger around the arch to eliminate lifting on uneven ground and there should be a thumbs worth of distance between the toes and front edge of the shoe.
  • Certain trail shoes have different levels of cushioning depending on the amount of protection and ability to feel the trail the individual runner wants.
  • Regular running shoes are not built for the trail and will wear down quicker; trail shoes are built stronger and can accommodate runners on varied road conditions.
  • Trail shoes have different soles for better performance on specific terrains. Rubber outsoles are best for running over boulders and rocks while knobby lugs build traction on terrains with loose dirt and wet conditions

Finding a proper fitting shoe is important whether it is for running or just for everyday wear. For more information contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are come factors to consider when it comes to investing in properly fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improperly fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, keeping properly fit shoes is vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about proper shoe fitting.


Monday, 06 April 2015

Proper Footwear Important for Different Foot Types

achilles-tendon4Fitness Expert Ali Holman details the importance of proper footwear when it comes to the different foot exercises you can be doing. In this article, Holman outlines how things like walking, running, and going to the gym all require different types of shoes to maximize the amount of support your feet get. She also makes recommendations on how often you should change your shoes, depending on the different exercises.

Walking is a tried and tested way to successfully exercise the feet. To learn more, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Exercise for Your Feet

If you spend most of your time on your feet, or don’t either way your feet should deserve attention. There are many people who exercise regularly and still don’t spend enough time to care for their feet. Your foot does get exposure that requires maintenance since your health has a lot to do with footing.

Exercises

Toe rise – this exercise involves standing on the tip-toes for a count of 15 seconds, then resting your feet on ground. This exercise should be repeated three times a day to strengthen the feet.

Toe Pick-ups – the toes are exercises that are done by picking up small items using your toes. This helps strengthen the muscles on the upper part of the feet. Three sets along with 15 seconds being held should be completed. Small items like marbles or stationary will work.

Ankle Pump – can be performed upwards or downwards. The workout can be completed both ways at the same time. This involves flexing the foot either towards the shin or to the ground. This makes the foot work very well, working large parts of the muscles.

For more information about Exercise for Your Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Exercise for Your Fee


Monday, 30 March 2015

Surgery Considered Last Resort to Rid of Flat Foot Pain

Julia Hartnett has suffered from soreness in her feet for years due to her flat feet. The 19-year-old’s feet gradually felt worse after playing volleyball regularly without an effective form of protection against the pain. After trying orthotic inserts and discovering that they would not work, Hartnett decided to get reconstructive surgery of her arch as a last resort. Since the surgery, Julia has experienced fantastic results in the reduction of the soreness she felt before the surgery. Although her feet can flatten again as she ages, the surgery reduced the pain so she can have a pain free life again.


Flat feet can be very problematic for some individuals. If you are experiencing pain in your flat feet contact Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to help with the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary are:

  • Removing foot deformities like bone spurs and bunions
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read More About Foot Surgery


Monday, 23 March 2015

Proper Supportive Footwear can Prevent Long Term Foot Problems

Whether you were born with perfect feet or have every ailment possible in your lower extremities, it is necessary to have the proper footwear to avoid future pain and practice every day foot care. Often time many common foot problems such as plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, and hammertoes occur because of ill-fitting and unsupportive footwear. By having your foot fitting for the best type of shoe that suits your needs, you are treating and preventing foot complications
.
Finding shoes with the proper fit and support is only one portion in maintaining everyday foot care. For more information about everyday foot care, consult with Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will provide you with the foot- and ankle information you seek.

Every Day Foot Care
Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. After all, without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks. It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before, for example.

For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops.

Also, wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all of your foot ankle injuries.

Read more about Everyday Foot Care


Monday, 16 March 2015

Non-surgical Methods available to treat Hammertoe

hammertoeMany patients often choose to undergo corrective surgery for hammertoe to quickly relieve the pain and swelling associated with the condition. Insurance companies will often require patients to first try non-surgical treatments, however, before agreeing to cover the cost of hammertoe surgery. Treatments for hammertoe that are non-surgical include a splint to hold the hammertoe in the correct position if it can still be straightened, the placement of non-medicated pads over the tops of the deformed join to protect the toe from rubbing against the shoe, and the creation of a custom-made orthotic insert to help decrease discomfort. General prevention of hammertoe exacerbation involves wearing properly fitted shoes that leave a gap of at least half an inch between the longest of your toes and the top of the shoe and avoiding wearing high heels.

To successfully correct a hammertoe and relieve the pain and inflammation associated it, medical assistance may be necessary. If you are seeking hammertoe treatment, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will provide you with quality treatment and assist you with all of your foot and ankle concerns.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is little-known a painful condition that affects the second, third and fourth toes involving different joints of the toe and foot. Hammertoe can be caused by many other conditions such as RA (rheumatoid arthritis), osteoarthritis, trauma or injuries to your foot, it can be hereditary and it can also be caused by a cerebral vascular accident. If you wear shoes that are too narrow or short for your feet, it may exacerbate any pain you already have.

It is really important to your overall well-being to seek out medical attention at the first signs of foot pain or anything that may hinder your ability to walk in a normal manner. Taking care of your feet is one of the first steps to being able to live a full and healthy life.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to meet all your needs.

Read more about Hammertoes


Monday, 09 March 2015

Why Big Toes are more likely to Suffer from Ingrown Toenails

foot-care5According to a recent study conducted by physicistCyril Rauch, there’s a science as to why ingrown toenails are more likely to occur on big toes. When nails grow too quickly or slowly, stresses on the nail occur changing the nail’s natural curvature causing cuts into the skin near the nail. The study also found that pregnant women and children, those with a large share of growth hormones in their body, are more susceptible to the condition. Pedicures have also been known to increase the chances of an ingrown toenail occurring due to the process of flattening the nail bed.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are left unattended. To learn more, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails


Tuesday, 03 March 2015

Under-Desk Hammock gives Feet a Break while Working

ankle-foot-orthoticsThose with desk jobs may be familiar with the sore backs and swollen feet that come with sitting all day. To improve posture, circulation, and overall comfort, employees should consider working with their feet elevated. Brigham Young University students Matt Hulme and Brent Murray have created a solution to this in the form ofThe Foot Hammock. The Foot Hammock attaches to the underside of any desk, creating a place for feet to rest, and comes in mesh, fleece, and heated versions; mesh for shoes on, fleece to make bare feet feel snug, and heated to simulate the feel of an electric blanket. “Most of us spend more time at our desk than in our beds sleeping,” said Hulme. “It is time we make our hours at our desk as comfortable as ours sleeping.”

Working on your feet for long periods of time can be very stressful for the feet. For more information on methods to help relax the feet while on the job, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Foot Care Leads to Better Health

Long periods of standing often times lead to pain and discomfort around the feet. Every day the body undergoes a series of stresses, especially during work. To minimize these stresses on your feet, better shoe choices and proper posture will significantly help.

Better Choices

A Negative Heel

  • This is where the heel is slightly lower than the ball of the foot.

Going Barefoot

  • Having your feet crammed into shoes for long periods of time increases pressure. Giving your feet some exposure to air and walking barefoot helps tremendously.

Exercise Your Feet

  • A foot workout helps correct movements and stimulates the blood flow and muscles of the feet. Implementing yoga exercises to your daily routine is a good example of this.

Foot Care

Spending a majority of the time on your feet will most likely trigger pain; even more so if you suffer from poor circulation.  Proper footwear and appropriate stretching will alleviate pain and prevent further issues. When your feet hurt, it is best to take care of them right away.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Working on Your Feet


Monday, 23 February 2015

Certain Exercises can strain the Feet of Overweight Children

ankle-foot-orthoticsAccording to a study led by Australian researchers, certain exercises can put pressure on the developing feet of overweight children. Due to their tendency to have fatter and flatter feet, overweight children are at risk for increased pressure on the arch—leading to foot pain and discomfort. This could ultimately cause kids to avoid participating in physical activity, which is crucial to health and well-being. Other forms of activity, such as swimming or cycling, may be a necessary alternative for overweight children uncomfortable with exercising. In a previous study, Diane L. Riddiford-Harland of the University of Wollongong and her coauthors found that overweight kids had higher “plantar pressures” while walking than normal-weight kids. The study also linked the higher pressures and flattening of the arches to a possibility that the kids would be less physically active.

Keeping your children’s feet healthy during their youth is essential in maintaining their overall health during adulthood. To learn more, speak to Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will provide you with quality podiatric care.  

How to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy

Throughout childhood, it is very crucial for children to have and maintain good health and proper care of their feet. With good foot health starting at an early age, foot problems and diseases can be prevented in the future. As children continue to develop so do their feet, and require different techniques of care and maintenance.

Even though babies do not begin walking until later stages, their feet should be taken care of properly:

  • Stay away from socks that are too tight for your baby’s feet. This can cause pain and allow less circulation
  • Encourage your baby to move their feet as much as possible so they feel comfortable with them

When your baby begins to learn how to walk, do not panic if they are unsteady on their feet. Toddlers are just getting used to the way in which their feet work so wobbliness is completely acceptable.

When your child grows out of their toddler years, here are a few steps they should take to stay with good health within their feet:

  • Practice proper hygiene with them
  • Be observant of any injuries that might occur

For more information about Keeping Children’s Feet Healthy, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Keeping Children’s Feet Healthy


Monday, 16 February 2015

Flat Feet Can Worsen Over Time If Not Treated


flat-feet9According to research published in the Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery, treatment and prevention of a flat foot can reduce the possibility of other major foot ailments. Flat fleet also known as partial or total collapse of the arch has been known to occur mostly in overweight males with blue collar jobs. Often time symptoms such as, pain, swelling, flattening of the arch, and rolling of the ankle, will go on ignored and untreated. Foot and Ankle Surgeon H. Ashley Ledger states, “Flatfoot disorder may gradually worsen to the point that many of the tendons and ligaments in the foot and ankle are simply overworking.” Early treatment is important in flatfeet since ignoring the condition can lead to even more serious conditions including arthritis and loss of function.

Certain sports and physical activities may become difficult for children with flat feet. If you suspect that your child has the condition, speak to Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will answer any of your foot and ankle related questions and attend to all of your podiatric needs.

What are Flat Feet?

Flat feet are a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. Standing about 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arch never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – if you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms:

Pain around the heel or arch area

Trouble standing on the tip toe.

Swelling around the inside of the ankle.

Flat look to one or both feet.

Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment:

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

For more information about Flat Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Flat Feet


Monday, 09 February 2015

Study Suggests Bunions Occur Due to Genetics, Not Always Due to Footwear

bunions10It is often believed that bunions and other various foot ailments occur because of ill fitting or unsupportive shoes such as high heels. However, information gathered by the Framingham Foot Study, led by Dr. Marian Hannan, suggests that certain foot problems are more likely to occur due to genetics in Caucasian men and in women of European descent. The study included 1,370 participants with an average age of 66 years and nearly 57% females involved. From 2002 and 2008, foot exams were conducted to verify foot deformities, hallux valgus, plantar soft tissue atrophy, and genetic analyses were estimated. The results concluded that bunions and other toe deformities were found to be highly hereditary while plantar soft tissue atrophy did not produce significant numbers. “These new findings highlight the importance of furthering our understanding of what causes greater susceptibility to these foot conditions, as knowing more about the pathway may ultimately lead to early prevention or early treatment,” stated Dr. Hannan.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, consider treatment as soon as possible to avoid extended discomfort. For more information about bunion treatments, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is an enlargement of the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The enlargement is formed of swollen tissue or boney growth. This swelling is caused by a shifting of the bones in the big toe inward, impacting the other toes of the foot. The area around the base of the big toe may become inflamed, red, and/or painful.

Formation

Genetics – people who are susceptible to bunions are often genetically predisposed.

Stress on the feet – wearing improperly fitting shoes or running and walking with improper form may cause stress on the feet. Wearing high heeled shoes puts the weight from the body onto the toes, causing further stress and bone displacement.

Diagnosis

A podiatrist who specializes in foot structure and bio-mechanics will be able to diagnose bunions.

Blood Tests - testing the blood for gout or arthritic conditions can help identify the causes.

Radiological Exam – a podiatrist will request an exam to identify the bunion by taking a look at the bone structure. If the x-ray shows an enlargement of the joint near the base of the toe, this usually indicates a bunion.

For more information about Bunions, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Bunions


Monday, 02 February 2015

Obesity Causing Limb Amputation Epidemic in Scotland

1According to the World Health Organization, as obesity increases in young adults and children, so do foot and ankle problems. These issues are more likely to occur because there is too much pressure being put on the lower extremities. Obese children are less likely to participate in physical activities due to the problems that may occur in the foot structure and often time, obese individuals end up with flat feet due to the pressure. Childhood obesity may have a negative effect on the feet over a period of time and may result in permanent issues with foot function. For children and young adults to reduce the chance of permanent foot problems, it is important to establish the proper amount of diet and exercise. For some, additional coaching may be necessary to overcome the challenges of obesity.

Obesity has become very problematic at this point in time and can have extremely negative effects on the feet if not taken care of properly. If you’re an obese individual and you’re concerned about your feet, talk to Dr. William F. Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can determine if your weight has caused you to develop any complications in your lower extremities and get you the care that you need.

Obesity and your Feet

Since your feet are what support your entire weight when standing, any additional weight can result in pain and swelling. Being overweight is one of the main contributors to foot complications.

Problems & Complications

Extra Weight – Even putting on just a few extra pounds could create serious complications for your feet. As your weight increases, your balance and body will shift, creating new stresses on your feet. This uneven weight distribution can cause pain, even while doing the simplest tasks, such as walking.

Diabetes – People who are overweight are at serious risk of developing type-2 diabetes, which has a drastic impact on the health of your feet. As you get older, your diabetes might worsen, which could lead to loss of feeling in your feet, sores, and bruises. You could also become more prone to various infections.


Wednesday, 28 January 2015

Flip-Flops Help Prevent College Students from Contracting Infections

2Although flip-flops and sandals are typically worn less throughout the colder months, college studentsthat shower in a communal space should keep wearing the sandals year round. Since public grooming areas are already naturally moist, they are common areas for biofilms, slimy areas where microorganisms stick together, to grow. Professor Philip Tierno of New York University’s School of Medicine even mentions that it will take more than soap and water to eliminate the hazards caused by biofilms. In order to reduce the chance of any infections that might occur when coming in contact with these biofilms, college students must make the choice to wear flip-flops anywhere near the shower. Tierno states, “People don’t think they have a contusion or lesion or crack in their skin, but many people have dried skin and they do have the ability for an organism to gain access to the foot and spread elsewhere in the body.”

Although flip-flops can cause a lot of foot problems if worn too often and in the incorrect conditions, they can help you to avoid infection in certain areas. If you have any questions concerning infections on the feet, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Flip-Flops and Feet
When the weather starts warming up, people enjoy wearing flip-flops.  Flip-flops are comfortable, stylish, and easy to slip on and off, perfect for any summer beach goer.  However, these shoes can cause harm to the feet.
How Can Flip-Flops Affect Me Long-Term?

  • Ankle problems
  • Hip problems
  • Lower back problems
  • Pain in the balls of the feet
  • Problems with foot arches
  • Changes in the way you walk

Are there injuries associated with flip-flops?
Yes.  Since flip-flops are relatively weak and do not provide the same amount of support as sneakers, people who wear flip-flops are more susceptible to injuries. On top of that, the open nature of the shoe makes your feet more prone to other problems, such as cuts and even infections.  Common injuries and ailments include:

  • Sprained ankles
  • Blisters
  • Infections
  • Cuts and Scrapes

I like wearing flip-flops, are there safe alternatives?
When buying flip-flops, try to find ones that have sturdy soles and are made of high quality materials that will support for your feet.  These flip-flops will cost more, but will also last longer as a result.
For more information about Flip Flops, follow the link below.
If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in Southold, East Setauket, Riverhead, NY. We offer all the newest in diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle conditions.

Read more about Flip Flops and Your Feet


Wednesday, 21 January 2015

Real Housewives of Atlanta Star Embarassed Online Over Response to Corns

Claudia Jordan, the newest member of Real Housewives of Atlanta, has been the subject of the latest social media stir due to comments her fellow cast mates have made about her feet. Jordan has been noted for having extremely good looks, but in the latest sneak peek for the season, viewers took to twitter to deem the stars hammer toes with corns all over as “ugly.” Co-star NeNe Leaks only added to the conversation by stating she has better skin, feet, and overall genetics compared to Jordan. The 41 year-old took to her own twitter and blog to defend herself, “It started when I ran track and would wear a really tight track spike when I would race (basically cramming my feet in a shoe a size smaller), then when I got into modelling and wearing heels all the time, that wreaked havoc on my poor toes.”

Corns may be painful and embarrassing to have on your feet. If you have corns and would like to learn how to treat them, speak to Dr. William F. Buffone at North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What are they? And how do you get rid of them?

Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:
- Well-fitting socks
- Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
- Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns
Treating corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Salicylic acid can help in getting rid of these corns because it dissolves keratin, which is the protein that makes up a good majority of corns. Podiatrists recommend that people with diabetes not use salicylic acid but should consult with their podiatrist regarding the treatment of corns.

For more information about Corns on the Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our office located in Southold, East Setauket, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Corns on the Feet

Wednesday, 14 January 2015

UK Woman Confuses Plantar Warts for Corns

foot-care5Kelly Bradford found several lumps in her heels and first believed them to be corns due to their rough texture. The growths did not seem to be going away with the help of salicylic acid and were much more painful than corns usually are. When the growths became so painful that Bradford could not place her heels on the ground, she decided to contact her doctor.

Bradford’s physician concluded that she did not have corns and had contracted plantar warts.  The pain she was more agonizing than anything she has experienced because the warts were pinching the nerves of her feet. With the help of some over-the-counter medication and cryotherapy, the warts in Bradford’s heels soon disappeared.

Plantar warts can be painful and can worsen if not treated properly. If you would like to be treated for plantar warts, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are found on the feet. These warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) getting into open wounds on the feet. You can recognize plantar warts by a hard bump on the foot. They are usually found on the heels or balls of the feet. Plantar warts are usually not a sign of anything dangerous but do not ignore them if they do cause pain or embarrassment.

If you do have a plantar wart, you may notice some pain when standing but since these warts are not cancerous or dangerous, a podiatrist only needs to be seen if there is excess pain. Although plantar warts don’t often call for treatment, there are options available. They can be frozen off, removed by an electric tool or burned off using laser treatment.

Home remedies are also available to help with plantar warts. An apple cider vinegar soak can help remove the wart. You can soak your feet in the vinegar for 20 minutes before using a pumice stone to remove any loose skin from the wart.

For more information about Plantar Warts, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer all the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to meet your needs.

Read more about Plantar Warts


Wednesday, 07 January 2015

Kim Jong-un Disappears to Resolve Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

It has recently appeared as though North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un has disappeared from the public eye for a prolonged period of time after he was spotted limping due to a mysterious illness. Since then, it was discovered that Kim Jong-un has been diagnosed with tarsal tunnel syndrome in his right ankle and has received surgery to resolve the condition.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is described as the compression of nerves from the soles into the tarsal tunnel inside of the ankle joint. Those that are flat footed, have irregular arches, or have a damaged tunnel are more susceptible to the syndrome. Tarsal tunnel syndrome can often become aggravated when standing for long periods of time and can often be resolved with corrective arch supports and anti-inflammatory drugs. Surgery is only suggested in extreme cases of the condition.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is not an easy condition to endure. If you have pain in your foot or ankle, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

-Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
-Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
-At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

-Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
-The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
-If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome.

For more information about Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome


Tuesday, 30 December 2014

Running Doc Suggests that Sever’s Disease more likely in Children specializing in Sports

According to the Running Doc , Michigan State University recently conducted a study of children that specialize in one sport year. The study suggested that these children are more susceptible to injuries such as Sever’s disease. Sever’s disease occurs when there is an injury to the growth area of the heel bone that has not matured and is forced to develop in two parts. Sever’s disease can lead to foot problems into adulthood if not addressed properly. The study also found that although millions of children partake in sports each year, more than half tend to quit due to specialization. Playing one sport year round may cause additional pressure making the activity less fun and recreational.  

Growing children are prone to acquiring Sever’s disease. If your child is suffering from heel pain, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Toe gait- develops in which the child must change the way they walk to avoid placing weight on the heel. This can lead to other problems as well in the future.

Symptoms

Acute pain – pain asscoiatied with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

For more information about Sever’s Disease, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Sever’s Disease


Tuesday, 23 December 2014

Stanford University Research Team Develops Ground Breaking Diabetic Treatment

A research team at Stanford University School of Medicine recently discovered a potential new way to quickly heal foot ulcers in diabetic patients. Dr. Geoffrey Gurthner and his colleagues developed a new drug, administered through a patch on the skin that increases a protein in diabetic patients and can reduce blockages in the blood vessels in order to allow wounds from the ulcers to heal properly.

For diabetics, foot ulcers can result in more drastic problems than just foot pain such as infections or amputations. The researchers studied the patch on a human skin apparatus that eventually proved to heal the skin 14 days faster than planned and even improved the overall quality of the skin where the ulcer once appeared. Dr. Gurthner and his research team also hope that high quality healing effects of this patch will be able to prevent ulcers from re-occurring in patients.

Diabetes is a very serious condition that can result in amputation or worse if left untreated. If you are diabetic and have any concerns, visit Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your diabetic feet.   

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people of all ages each year. Diabetes damages blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. When damage occurs to nerves in the feet, they may be unable to send the proper signals to the peripheral nervous system, resulting in a condition known as neuropathy. Once a diabetic patient develops neuropathy, it is imperative that the feet are well taken care of to avoid possible amputation of the feet.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

- Regularly check your feet for bruises or sores.
- Wear socks that fit your feet; socks shouldn’t be tight.
- Wear properly fitting shoes that are comfortable.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their Hemoglobin A1C levels as this test lets the physician know how well the blood sugar levels have been controlled during the past 3 months. It is important to keep the blood sugar levels in a normal range (70-110mg/dl). It is advisable to visit a podiatrist if the diabetic patient is experiencing any conditions involving the feet.

For more information about Diabetic Foot Care, follow the link below.

If you have any questions feel free to contact one of our offices located in New York.. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Care


Tuesday, 16 December 2014

University of Calgary to Develop New Study

foot-exercise4Runners have often chosen footwear that is specifically tailored to their unique biomechanics with the wisdom of sports medicine specialists. However, some modern scientists dispute this notion; believing comfort is the most important attribute of a running shoe. Proponents of the comfort theory maintain that other details, including biomechanics, are rather minor.

To try and settle this debate, scientists at the University of Calgary is working on a new study. This study will focus on the effects of comfort in running shoes and the rate at which runners develop injuries. The ultimate goal of this study is to provide shoe developers with tips for future shoe designs.

For optimal foot health, you should understand the differences between walking and running shoes. If you have any foot or ankle injuries, see Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Foot Health: The Differences between Walking & Running Shoes

There are great ways to stay in shape: running and walking are two great exercises to a healthy lifestyle. It is important to know that running shoes and walking shoes are not interchangeable. There is a key difference on how the feet hit the ground when someone is running or walking. This is why one should be aware that a shoe is designed differently for each activity.

You may be asking yourself what the real differences are between walking and running shoes and the answers may shock you.

Differences

Walking doesn’t involve as much stress or impact on the feet as running does. However, this doesn’t mean that you should be any less prepared. When you’re walking, you land on your heels and have your foot roll forward. This rolling motion requires additional support to the feet.

Flexibility – walking shoes are designed to have soft, flexible soles. This allows the walker to push off easily with each step.

For more information about the Differences between Walking and Running Shoes, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about the Differences between Walking and Running Shoes


Tuesday, 09 December 2014

Tips to Manage and Prevent Heel Pain

 According to podiatrist Christian Ellul, heel pain is one of the most regularly diagnosed foot problems in women. One of the most common forms of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, inflammation of the band of tissue in the sole that extends to the heels. Although plantar fasciitis can be treated with anti-inflammatories, cortisone injections, footwear is also a major issue. Extremely high heels as well as unsupportive footwear such as flip-flops and flats can make heel pain and other related conditions even worse. Podiatrists may recommend wearing arch supportive footwear, stretching exercises, orthotic devices, and other corrective foot aids to aid patients in managing their everyday heel pain.

Anyone can wind up suffering from heel pain. If your heel is hurting, see Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

Causes of Heel Pain

• Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

• Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

• Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

- Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change           
- Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a thing of the past.

With the advancements in technology and greater knowledge of how muscles and joints work, physical therapists can turn things around dramatically.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Heel Pain 


Tuesday, 02 December 2014

U.S. Gymnast Rachel Gowey sustains Broken Ankle

Aspiring gymnast Rachel Gowey broke her right ankle after a fall while practicing her beam dismount. The sixteen-year-old was training for the upcoming U.S. Gymnastics Championships when she took the fall and received the broken ankle, joining another prior unrelated ankle injury. Gowey is only participating in two events at the championships as is; with her broken ankle, however, the athlete’s participation in the entire competition may now be in jeopardy.

Gowey trains at the gymnasium where Olympic champions Gabby Douglas and Shawn Johnson once trained, under the wing of Coach Liang Chow. Gowey had placed fifth at the international Cup of Jesolo and fourth at the U.S. Classic this year.

To ensure that a broken ankle completely heals, treatment should be sought right away. For assistance, see Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Broken Ankles
The ankle consists of three bones- the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. The tibia and the fibula are the two bones that connect to your knees. They sit directly above the talus bone, which is protected by a fibrous membrane and allows slight movement in the ankle joint. A break usually occurs in one of these bones after the foot is twisted too far, a strong impact like jumping from a great height, or repeated stresses like running.

Diagnosis
If you suffer an ankle injury, it is essential that you receive a correct diagnosis. One of the first signs that the ankle is broken is an inability to put any weight on it. There will often be severe bruising and swelling at the sight of the injury. Your doctor may also order an x-ray be taken to determine the exact location and extent of the injury.

Treatment
Without proper care, a broken ankle may not heal properly and could cause arthritis and instability later in life. Therefore, seeking proper treatment is essential to making a full recovery.
There a number of steps you can take to accelerate the healing process however. Elevating your feet above your head and icing the ankle can reduce pain and swelling.

For more information about Broken Ankles, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot ankle injuries.

Read more about Broken Ankles

Monday, 24 November 2014

Houston Astros Reliever Questions 2015 Season Availability Due to Sesamoiditis Surgery

Josh Zeid will miss the rest of the season after his foot surgeries in the upcoming weeks. ( Smiley N. Pool / Houston Chronicle )It was discovered early on in the season that MLB athlete Josh Zeid would miss the rest of the season in order to fix the sesamoiditis in both of his feet. The Houston Astros reliever was required to have a separate operation for each foot, broken up by six weeks of healing. With the operation of his right foot completed at the end of July, Zeid prepared for his second surgery of the left foot just this past October. The timing of his surgery as well as the projected healing time puts in question his readiness and capability for the 2015 season as well as any chances of an Opening Day bullpen appearance.

Sesamoiditis is an unpleasant foot condition characterized by pain in the balls of the feet. If think you’re struggling with sesamoiditis, contact Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will perform a diagnostic exam and treat your condition thoroughly and effectively.

Sesamoiditis
Sesamoiditis is a condition of the foot that affects the ball of the foot. It is more common in younger people than it is in older people. It can also occur with people who have begun a new exercise program, since their bodies are adjusting to the new physical regimen. Pain may also be caused by the inflammation of tendons surrounding the bones. It is important to seek treatment in its early stages because if you ignore the pain, this condition can lead to more serious problems such as severe irritation and bone fractures.

Causes of Sesamoiditis

  • Sudden increase in activity
  • Increase in physically strenuous movement without a proper warm up or build up
  • Foot structure: those who have smaller, bonier feet or those with a high arch may be more susceptible

Treatment for sesamoiditis is non-invasive and simple. Doctors may recommend a strict rest period where the patient forgoes most physical activity. This will help give the patient time to heal their feet through limited activity. For serious cases, it is best to speak with your doctor to determine a treatment option that will help your specific needs.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Sesamoiditis


Tuesday, 18 November 2014

Women’s High Heels increase risk of Morton’s Neuroma

High heels and other ill-fitting shoes could be a prime cause of Morton’s Neuroma. Neuroma affects the nerves located between the toes, creating a sensation similar to stabbing while walking. It is believed that neuroma stems from compression, injury or damage to the nerve. Therefore women who wear high heels or narrow-fitting shoes are at particular risk to developing the condition. The nerve repairs itself if left untreated, using fibrous tissues that create thickening and enlargement. The disorder is aggravated by irregularities that interfere with optimal foot function, such as high arches, overpronation, and hypermobility.

The disorder can be avoided by wearing shoes that are wide and deep in the toe area and that do not apply pressure to the metatarsals, or bones in the balls of your feet. Metatarsal support pads can also help by removing pressure from the nerve and promoting your foot’s natural anatomical position.
Morton’s neuroma can be a difficult condition to contend with. If you are experiencing symptoms of Morton’s Neuroma, speak to Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will diagnose and treat your feet accordingly.

Morton’s Neuroma
Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the third and fourth toe and the ball of the foot, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible to this condition. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.  Women are more likely than men to have an occurrence of this foot condition.

What Increases the Chances of having Morton’s Neuroma?

- Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot area.
- Jogging, running and any sports that involve constant impact to the foot area.
- Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformity may put you at a higher risk for developing Morton’s neuroma.

If you suspect that you may have this condition, you should visit your podiatrist. A podiatrist will first conduct a thorough physical examination to check for palpable masses between the bones of the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all of your foot ankle injuries.

Read more on Morton’s Neuroma


Tuesday, 11 November 2014

Wearing the Wrong Fitting Running Shoe Can Cause Serious Injury

DMC Sports Performance Academy manager Laura Ramus knows that wearing the wrong pair of running shoes can cause many injuries to the body. She knows this become she almost fell victim to the wrong shoe, twice. Wearing an incompatible running shoe can create hip, knee, and back pain and can induce injuries such as Achilles tendonitis and plantar fasciitis. Ramus also recalled her toes going numb while wearing a pair of shoes that were not wide enough. This occurs because each person has a different type of foot width, arch and, pronation. Certain feet can fit into nearly any shoe, but if a foot is too wide or has too high of an arch, it is important to be fitted into the appropriate shoe.

Running can be a great way to keep your body healthy and in-shape, but it can also lead to injuries if you’re not careful. If you have a running injury or have an interest in preventing one, contact podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can instruct you on proper running techniques and help you keep your lower extremities safe.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. Runner’s knee usually is treated with strengthening exercises focusing on the quad muscles and sports orthotic. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned. Physical therapy can help you learn the best exercises to heal runner’s knee.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?

- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries

- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Preventing Running Injuries


Tuesday, 04 November 2014

Indiana Pacers Lose Last Quality Player to Sprained Ankle

Indiana Pacers’ best remaining player, David West, was escorted off the court after a sprained ankle occurred near the basket during a preseason game against the Dallas Mavericks. It appeared as though the forward’s foot rolled during an attempted layup to the point that his foot came out of his shoe, keeping him on the ground until his benched teammates came out to aid him. West was seen being carried to the locker room with the help of two of his team mates. Although it is only the preseason, many of the Pacers’ top players are already out on injury. If West is unable to play again for the season, things will not look so good for the rest of the team.

Some sprained ankles can be extremely worse than others, in any case it is always best to make sure your ankle is fully healed before engaging in strenuous activity. If your ankle is sprained, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and answer all of your related questions.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Happen?
This type of injury takes place when the ligaments are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured; however, even the simple act of walking may cause a sprain. If footing is lost or you are walking on uneven terrain, ankle damage may occur.
What are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin, depending on severity

Is there a Way to Care for my Ankle at Home?

Self-care for ankle sprains includes propping the ankle up and keeping it elevated, applying ice packs as needed, and remaining off your feet. Some may also find that wrapping the ankle with an ACE bandage and taking over-the-counter pain relievers are helpful. One of the most important things is to avoid further stress to the affected area.

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits can aid in prevention

 
Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast, which will allow you to walk while stabilizing the ankle. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Ankle Sprains



Thunder God Vine Can Aid Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis


A recent study published in the journal Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases recently found that a Chinese herb known as thunder god vine may be an effective treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis. The study used 207 patients and observed their responses to the herb, the pharmaceutical drug methotrexate, and a combination of both.

After six months, the groups were assessed to see which achieved close to a fifty percent improvement in their pain and joint stiffness. Forty-six percent of the patients prescribed methotrexate noticed an improvement. This was lower than the fifty-five percent of participants given just the herb, and seventy-seven percent of those treated with both medications.
Characterized by stiffness and lack of mobility, Rheumatoid Arthritis is a painful condition that needs medical attention.  For treatment options, see Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will take care of any foot conditions and determine a treatment plan that is right for you.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms


- Swelling & pain in the feet
- Stiffness in the feet
- Pain on the ball or sole of feet
- Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

For more information about rheumatoid arthritis please follow the link below.
If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on Rheumatoid Arthritis



Ex-Surgeon Helps Develop Comfortable High Heels

Ex-orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Taryn Rose, has recently created a pair of high heels that are supposed to be genuinely comfortable and feet friendly. The ex-doctor has already built a $40 million empire with her shoe designs and has recently launched a Kickstarter campaign to fund her ‘wing shoes.’ The collection will be known as Enrico Cuini for DRESR and protects the medial, lateral, and transverse arches of the foot with the carbon fiber wings built in the insole. “The wings ‘flutter’ as you walk to provide a pumping action, which helps blood flow back to your heart from your feet,” stated Dr. Rose. “This provides comfort and decreases swelling in your feet.”
High heels can negatively affect your feet if they do not offer enough support. If you would like to learn more, speak to Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will answer all of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Effects of High Heels on the Feet

High heels are popular shoes among women because they are associated with femininity.  Despite their appeal, they can cause many health problems if worn too frequently.
What parts my body will be affected by high heels?

  • Ankle Joints
  • Achilles Tendon – may shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
  • Balls of the Feet
  • Knees – heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
  • Back – they decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain.  Also, the vertebrae of the lower back may compress.

What kinds of foot problems can develop from wearing high heels?

  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Morton’s Neuroma
  • Plantar Fasciitis

How can I still wear high heels and maintain foot health?
If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems.  Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet.  Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising.  If you walk to work, try carrying your heels with you and changing into them once you arrive at work. 

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about the Effects of High Heels



Organization Provides Shoes and more for Youth


The Samaritan’s Feet event, put together by the organization Samaritan’s Feet International, gave footwear for three hundred children in the Boys & Girls Club. As an additional bonus, the event also had each of the members’ feet washed by volunteers to ensure cleanliness.

The organization’s leaders personally want the youth to know that they can reach their dreams. NEICUC financed the event, coordinated the logistics, and recruited over 40 volunteers to help run the project. “It is wonderful to see the collaborative efforts that have been done on behalf of the youth in our community,” said Joe Jordan, President and CEO of the Boys & Girls Clubs of Fort Wayne.
People of all ages should wear proper fitting shoes. For more information about proper shoe fitting and its benefits for children, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle needs.  

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are some factors to consider when it comes to investing in properly fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improperly fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

For more information about Proper Shoe Fitting, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Walking Competitions on Trend in D.C.


Washington, D.C., the nation’s capital filled with lawmakers and administration officials has a new thing in town to compete over: fitness. Thanks to smartphone apps and sensors such as the Fitbit, employees can track steps, miles, calories burned, and heart rate while competing over health in addition to political matters. Due to office-held competitions, employees can ensure they are getting in the recommended amount of 10,000 steps daily. “The type of people you find on Capitol Hill are very competitive by nature,” said Alexa Marrero. “You have a bunch of Type A personalities in jobs prone to keeping you behind a desk all day, so there are a lot of people who have found this as a fun way to get up.”

Walking is a tried and tested way to successfully exercise the feet. To learn more, consult with Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Exercise for Your Feet

If you spend most of your time on your feet, or don’t either way your feet should deserve attention. There are many people who exercise regularly and still don’t spend enough time to care for their feet. Your foot does get exposure that requires maintenance since your health has a lot to do with footing.

Exercises

Toe rise – this exercise involves standing on the tip-toes for a count of 15 seconds, then resting your feet on ground. This exercise should be repeated three times a day to strengthen the feet.

Toe Pick-ups – the toes are exercises that are done by picking up small items using your toes. This helps strengthen the muscles on the upper part of the feet. Three sets along with 15 seconds being held should be completed. Small items like marbles or stationary will work.

Ankle Pump – can be performed upwards or downwards. The workout can be completed both ways at the same time. This involves flexing the foot either towards the shin or to the ground. This makes the foot work very well, working large parts of the muscles.

For more information about Exercise for Your Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Triathlete Ends Season Early due to Plantar Fasciitis


Vicky Holland, well-known Commonwealth Games champion and Olympic triathlete has been suffering with plantar fasciitis and the associated inflammation.  She will attend the final two legs of the World Series in Stockholm and Edmonton and end her season early to treat the condition. Understanding how lucky she is to have gotten so far in the season with the current circumstances of her feet, Holland is grateful, but needs to take time off before the plantar fasciitis and inflammation worsens. She is very hopeful she will return next season. She noted, “I’m not sure what the plan at the end of the season is, whether I will be in a boot or have shockwave therapy again or have injections … So it’s important for me now to finish the season early, address the issues I have and then go again.”

Plantar fasciitis is commonly treated with shockwave therapy. To learn more, consult with Dr. William Buffone of Northfork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will answer all of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Shockwave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is a new treatment option designed to treat bone conditions such as tennis elbow, shoulder pain, and others. Shockwave therapy uses high intensity sound waves that are directed to the affected tissues of the body with pinpoint accuracy. The effects are very beneficial, leading to a production of collagen fibers, eliminating inflammation.

Who Benefits from Shockwave?

Shockwave is recommended for patients suffering from heel pain and associated problems. Heel pain is a common condition which can be caused by obesity, overexertion, and spending a substantial amount of time on hard floors with your feet exposed and unsupported.

Fast and Easy

The therapy is actually a simple process that can leave patients feeling better the very next day. Shockwave therapy is not as dramatic as it sounds. It enables more blood flow to effected areas, attacking the source of the problem so treatment lasts for a long time.

Treatment & Recovery Time

Shockwave treatment will enable your feet to recover quickly. This is especially important since surgery
is not required. It is cost effective and does not require the use of anesthesia. This treatment is a better option to surgery, since it is proven safe.
For more information regarding shockwave therapy, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Setauket, Southold, and Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Key Player Out for Eight Weeks due to Broken Foot

Marvin Jones' Foot Injury: What to Know About His Broken 5th MetatarsalMarvin Jones of the Cincinnati Bengals will most likely stay off of the roster for about eight weeks due to a broken foot. The wide receiver is scheduled for surgery to fix a fracture of the fifth metatarsal that is keeping from participating in the start of the season. Metal screws will be inserted into the bones during surgery to make sure they heal properly.

Jones could potentially re-aggravate the injury or even make it worse if he tries to play again before he’s completely healed. The Bengals’ coaching staff would like him to be back on the field by early October; however, Jones could be out for even longer if his foot is not restored properly.
A broken foot is extremely painful and very inconvenient. If you think you could have a fracture in your foot, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of Norfolk Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can evaluate the severity of your injury and provide the necessary treatment.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot ‘breaking’, or fracturing. Bones typically break when the bone is either bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury. 

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue (foot)
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those who are experiencing any of these symptoms, or suspect that they have a broken foot, should seek medical attention in a center where x-rays can be performed. This is especially urgent if any of the symptoms include numbness, blue coloring, cold feet, cuts, misshapen toes or deformities as these indicate more severe cases.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated. Trying to keep the foot rested is important as the bones need plenty of time to heal and recover.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Barefoot Running Is Not Ideal

barefoot runningA  study put together by University of Colorado doctoral student Jason Franz shows that barefoot running is really not as beneficial as its supporters promote. In fact, the study found that people actually run more efficiently wearing shoes than going barefoot.

The experiments conducted by the University’s researchers observed runners’ oxygen intake and carbon dioxide exhalation while running on a treadmill. The volunteers ran with both a lightweight running shoe and completely barefoot (but with equivalent weight to the shoe attached to the foot).The results were that the body requires about three to four percent more energy exertion whilst running barefoot. Franz speculates that the adjustments you make to cushion the impacts while running may require more metabolic energy from the body.

Barefoot running can be a difficult transition from traditional running. If you would like more guidance and more information, talk to podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will treat your podiatric needs.  

Barefoot Running

The Impact of Barefoot Running
-Running without shoes changes the motion of your running, as most running is done by landing on the heel of the feet.
-Running barefoot requires a different way of running; the landing is done on the front part of the feet.

The Advantages of Barefoot Running

-When running and landing on the front feet, the impact on the feet and ankle is reduced, this can reduce stress injuries.
-It strengthens muscles in the feet and ankles and the lower legs.
-Balance of the body is improved and there is a greater sensory input from the feet to the rest of the body.

The Drawbacks of Barefoot Running
-No protection while running, makes it likely that runners will land on sharp objects and scrapes, bruises and cuts on the feet will result.
-Blisters may form.
-Possibility of plantar fascia problems.
-Risk of getting Achilles tendonitis.

So what can runners do to make barefoot running safe? It’s best to make a slow transition from running shoes to barefoot running. Once the feet begin to adjust, try walking, then jogging and gradually increasing the distance. Minimalist running shoes may also be an option.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Neuropathy and Heart Disease Correlated by Research

Research conducted at St. George’s University of London links patients affected by neuropathy with heart disease, saying the two are often linked. The risk of any cardiovascular problems developing tends to increase if the patient had peripheral neuropathy prior. The claim that scientists made were based conclusively on an examination they performed of about 13,000 people with type-2 diabetes who did not experience any prior heart problems.

It is suggested that neuropathy leads to patients becoming more susceptible in experiencing a cardiovascular event than those patients who were not afflicted. This knowledge helps doctors predict when a diabetes patient will be more susceptible to heart disease. “There is likely an unmet potential to reduce cardiovascular disease in this group of patients through greater monitoring and simple treatments," said Consultant in Vascular Surgery Robert Hinchliffe.

Diabetes and peripheral neuropathy are systemic diseases that can do a lot of damage to the feet. For help dealing with the effects of a systemic disease in your feet, talk to Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Systemic Diseases and the Feet

Systemic diseases affect the whole body, and symptoms usually are displayed in the feet. This condition can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable. Systemic diseases include: gout, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders, and arthritis.

Gout – is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Some common symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the metatarsal/phalangeal joint of the base big toe. Gout can be treated by NSAIDs, which relieves pain and inflammation  and other drugs which lowers the acid levels in the body.

Diabetes mellitus- is an increase in the level of blood sugar in which the body cannot counteract with the insulin in the body. When the body doesn’t produce enough insulin this is a factor in Diabetes.

                Diabetes of the Feet

  • Diabetic Neuropathy – may lead to damaged nerves and affect the feet through numbness and loss of sensation.
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease- can restrict the blood flow to the feet, and often times lead to amputation of the feet. 

For more information about Systemic Diseases and the Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Study Shows Foot Muscles Play Important Role

Scientists at the University of Queensland conducted research that proves the plantar fascia is not the only muscle that provides arch support. To test this theory, an experiment involving weights being tied to the knees of two test subjects was conducted. The scientists monitored the responses of the muscles in their feet.

A second experiment involving electrical stimulation was performed soon after, showing that when activated, these tissues caused the arch to rise. Dr. Glen Lichtwark believes this could play an important role in fields focusing on the feet. This includies footwear design, injury rehabilitation, and even the biological understanding of bipedalism.

The biomechanics are the cogs behind the gears that manage your feet. If you would like more information, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can provide in-depth information as well as measure your personal foot biomechanics.   

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.

- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.
Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.

Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Biomechanics of Podiatry.  

Running Shoe Factors Not Important

The Desert Sun’s Melissa Dribben asserts that comfort is a top priority when choosing a running shoe. In shoe history, factors such as the shape of the plantar foot surface, foot pronation, and the foot’s tendency to roll inward or outward have all been considered important. However, studies within the past decade have a different conclusion.

In 2010, The American Journal of Sports Medicine published a study that involved 1,400 Marine Corps recruits. The recruits were split into two groups, with one receiving random shoes while others received shoes based on the shape of their feet. “Assigning shoes based on the shape of the plantar foot surface,” the study concluded, “had little influence on injuries.”

Choosing running shoes requires careful consideration. If you require a professional opinion, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will answer your foot and ankle questions.

Choosing the Right Running Shoes for Your Foot Type

Running is a physical activity although fun, can put a lot of stress on the joints, bones and ligaments of the body. Injury and stress on the foot can be an important factor on which kind of shoe you’re wearing. Running shoes should be worn based on your foot type. It is important to find out what fits you based on cushioning, stability and motion.

Determining your type

Speak with a shoe specialist or retail professional to see what your foot type is. They will be able to identify and measure your arch type, stride and gait.

Running Mechanics

When you are running or walking in your shoes, every step determines how your foot is landing. Pronation is the natural rolling of your ankle from outside to inside during foot strike.

Pronation is a correct form of walking or running. It helps absorb shock and store energy from your lower extremities. Neutral runners who pronate correctly do not need specific shoes, since they have stability and control.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries

 

Runners Greatly Benefit from Core Stability Training



Jenn Sharp of The Starphoenix is not only pro-stretching, but is also a proponent for core training when it comes to running. Sharp believes that core stability is important, as the core absorbs any type of force the body may encounter.  "The stronger someone's core is, the better they'll be able to adapt to different courses (of exercise)." Sharp says.

Regarding core stability and running, Brad Spokes of Zone Sports Physiotherapy says that “This can be anything from running on different types of terrain to mixing up cross training activities on your days off from running.” Spokes additionally mentions that runners should see an improvement in their performance. Also, core training may reduce the risk of injuries if core stabilizing muscles are developed.

Injuries can’t always be prevented, but stretching can reduce the risk.  If your foot or ankle is injured, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle needs.  

Stretching Your Feet

Being the backbone of the body, the feet carry your entire weight and can easily become overexerted, causing cramps and pain. As with any body part, stretching your feet can serve many benefits. From increasing flexibility to even providing some pain relief, be sure to give your feet a stretch from time to time. This is especially important for athletes or anyone performing aerobic exercises, but anyone experiencing foot pain or is on their feet constantly should also engage in this practice.
Good ways to stretch your feet are:

  • Crossing one leg over the others and carefully pull your toes back. Do 10-20 repetitions and repeat the process for each foot
  • Face a wall with your arms out and hands flat against the wall. Step back with one foot and keep it flat on the floor while moving the other leg forward. Lean towards the wall until you feel a stretch. Hold for 30 seconds and perform 10 repetitions for each foot
  • Be sure not to overextend or push your limbs too hard or you could risk pulling or straining your muscle

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Self-Care Proves Challenging for Elderly Diabetics

 A study  published by the Oxford University Press revealed that up to ninety percent of elderly diabetic patients have great difficulty with self-care. This is especially true for elderly patients suffering from foot and ankle related maintenance and injuries.  
OnlyMyHealth author Arka Roy Chowdhury provided several tips on maintaining good health for diabetic patients. Overall, Chowdhury asserts that hygiene needs to be top priority. Appropriate footwear that covers the feet should be worn at all times and toenails kept trim. It is also important that blood sugar levels to be maintained at all times. For elderly patients, a family member or caregiver can assure that all these needs are met.  
Elderly patients sometimes require assistance. If your loved one needs foot care, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will treat his or her foot and ankle concerns.  

The Elderly and their Feet
As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away.  Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 
Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.

Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.

Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:

Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
Shoes that don’t fit properly
Pressure sores
Loss of circulation in legs & feet
Edema & swelling of feet and ankles
Injuries left unnoticed

Insect or pet bites can also become inflamed and infected
Stepping on sharp objects, without notice can increase pain

Susceptible Infections
Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

Bacteria- feet which are exposed to floors that have moist environments like pools and spas are prone to bacteria. These areas can contribute to foot funguses and other diseases.

For more information about the Elderly and their Feet, read the following article.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Arizona Diamondback Set to Be Benched for Six Weeks


28 year old Mark Trumbo of the Arizona Diamondbacks sustained an injury during a recent game against the Chicago Cubs. Trumbo’s injury was diagnosed as a stress fracture. "I felt kind of a cramp," Trumbo said. "I played defense and came back in and said it didn't really feel too good. Later that night, I felt pretty bad and I realized running was going to be pretty difficult. It's a stress-related thing. It could have been a ticking time bomb. There could have been a lot of inflammation around that area and it gave way finally."  As a result of his injury, Trumbo will be out of the game for at least six weeks.

Use discernment when playing sports with a foot or ankle injury. If you were injured while playing sports, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle injuries.

Playing Sports with Foot Injuries

Many types of foot injuries affect athletes over the course of their athletic career. Despite their setbacks, many of these athletes will continue to play with mild foot injuries and attempt to ‘push’ through the pain. In order to be able to prevent injuries, it is important to stretch before any activity, wear proper footwear and replace shoes as needed. Some of the foot injuries athletes are at risk for include:

  • Turf toe- upward bending of the big toe outside normal range of motion
  • Stress Fractures
  • Overpronation- excessive foot movement during gait
  • Plantar Fasciitis- swollen ligament in the foot’s base
  • Strains

There are many types of treatments that are necessary to keep the injury from becoming more serious. Ice is often used to reduce swelling and inflammation while applying a compression bandage can help reduce pain and stress on the foot. For more serious injuries it is recommended to consult with a podiatrist or orthopedic specialist as fractures and other serious conditions may require surgery.

For more information about Playing Sports with Foot Injuries, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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http://northforkpodiatryblog.com/images/iStock_000003875797_ExtraSmallankleinjury.jpgSeries of Injuries Puts Actor in Rehab

Singer-actor Kevin Cheng has been no stranger to on-the-job injuries. In 2005, while filming Under the Canopy of Love Cheng sustained a sprained foot. Two years later Cheng suffered another foot injury during the filming of Last One Standing.  

As a result, Cheng has to undergo rehabilitation. Cheng’s injuries have worsened over time, even if they initially seemed to recover. "I did not think it was that bad," said Kevin, "but it turns out that the injury is more serious. My foot would swell like a watermelon whenever I overexert myself. The doctors said that I will have to go on rehab for two months to heal."

Working on your feet requires careful supervision. If you have foot or ankle pain, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will treat your foot and ankle needs.  

 

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – choosing this shoe places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – our feet were not designed to be enclosed for hours, or all day. Allow yourself to expose your feet.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and stretches is beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – stretching the foot out flat on the floor, will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

Keep your feet healthy and your body will thank you for it.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Achilles Injury Is No Joke for Stand-Up Comedian

Comedian George Wallace isn’t joking when it comes to suing the Bellagio hotel in Las Vegas. Wallace claims that he suffered a rupture to his Achilles tendon while tripping on some on-stage electrical wires while engaging in one of his performances. During his trial’s testimony Wallace stated that the injury forced him to cancel several shows and even decline a movie role he had been offered.

Wallace’s attorney showed the jury a video of the comedian performing on the same stage before the incident in which he appeared to be walking fine. The defense says that the comedian’s Achilles rupture was “spontaneous” and caused by a pre-existing injury.

Achilles injuries are no joke.  If you injured your Achilles, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle injuries.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body, and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can cause severe difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Inflammation
- Dull to Severe Pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon
Rupture Symptoms
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation. Often the doctor will order an MRI to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment will involve rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries.

For more information about Achilles Tendon Injuries, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in New York. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
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Mother to Be Will Still Partake in Marathon



UK resident Marion Laverty has been working towards participating in a marathon set on May 25, even before she even realized she was expecting her second child. Despite being pregnant, the 35 year old mother to be will still run in the marathon, and even has the backing of her doctor and midwife. “I’m not advocating every pregnant woman does it, but if it’s something you have always done, research will tell you that you are capable,” the Granton resident says.

Laverty’s goal is to be able to finish within three hours and fifteen minutes, having competed in marathons in an hour less of that time.  Just to be safe, Laverty remains gentle with her training, working in light aerobic exercises and short jogs. Expectant mothers are encouraged to exercise even while pregnant, with activities such as swimming generally advised.

Pregnant women need to take good care of their feet. If you are pregnant and experiencing foot pain or discomfort, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your podiatric needs with professionalism and care.  

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  
Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read the Full Article on Pregnancy and Foot Health

 

Father Experiences Difficulties Due to Nerve Condition

 Robert McKechine is contending with the neurological disorder called Stiff Person Syndrome. This disorder causes the 55 year old McKechine’s face, arms, and lower extremities to stiffen.  McKechine first began feeling these symptoms back in the summer of 2012, developing flu-like symptoms with physicians unable to form a proper diagnosis. According to DailyMail, Stiff Person Syndrome affects less than one in a million people; with experts believing the disease is caused by abnormal antibodies which cause an autoimmune reaction.

Having a nerve disorder in the feet and lower extremities can be devastating. If you are experiencing symptoms of a nerve disorder in the lower extremities, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your podiatric-related needs.    

 

Nerve Disorders of the Foot and Ankle

There are two nerve disorders of the foot and ankle called Interdigital Neuroma and Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. These conditions affect the hands as well, and are caused by stress and genetics. People who suffer from Interdigital Neuroma and Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome are prone to serious pain and inflammation in the area.
Pain that is associated with Interdigital Neuroma is often from local inflammation in the nerves in the front of the foot. Symptoms include pain, burning, and/or tingling sensations of the toes.
There are several steps a doctor will take to determine if one has Neuroma such as: radiographs, MRIs, and bone scans. Surgery is not required in many instances, and should only be considered when the patient is suffering from persistent pain.
To learn more about Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome and EMG tests on Nerve Disorders of the foot and ankle please follow link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Barefoot Running Not as Beneficial According to Study

University of Colorado doctoral student Jason Franz held a  study that shows barefoot running is not all it’s cracked up to be. The study, which was held in the CU Locomotion Lab, showed that people who run with shoes perform just as well as those wearing minimalist shoes or no shoes at all.  

The experiment had researchers observing runners’ oxygen intake and carbon dioxide exhalation while running on a treadmill. The subjects ran with both a lightweight running shoe and completely barefoot (but with equivalent weight to the shoe attached to the foot).The results display that the body requires about three to four percent more energy exertion when running barefoot. Franz theorizes the lack of cushioning makes the body have to compensate for the impact.

Barefoot running is not for everyone. If you would like more information or a professional opinion, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can help you decide what type of running suits you best.

Barefoot Running

The Impact of Barefoot Running
-Running without shoes changes the motion of your running, as most running is done by landing on the heel of the feet.
-Running barefoot requires a different way of running; the landing is done on the front part of the feet.

The Advantages of Barefoot Running

-When running and landing on the front feet, the impact on the feet and ankle is reduced, this can reduce stress injuries.
-It strengthens muscles in the feet and ankles and the lower legs.
-Balance of the body is improved and there is a greater sensory input from the feet to the rest of the body.

The Drawbacks of Barefoot Running
-No protection while running, makes it likely that runners will land on sharp objects and scrapes, bruises and cuts on the feet will result.
-Blisters may form.
-Possibility of plantar fascia problems.
-Risk of getting Achilles tendonitis.

So what can runners do to make barefoot running safe? It’s best to make a slow transition from running shoes to barefoot running. Once the feet begin to adjust, try walking, then jogging and gradually increasing the distance. Minimalist running shoes may also be an option.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Shoemaker Is Known for Being One of the Best Designers Due to His Style of Taking Measurements


Shoe designer Hitoshi Mimura is known to be one of the very best in his craft. A former employee of Asics,”the god of shoes” he went on solo, crafting custom footwear for world-class athletes who consulted with him.

Mimura says his secret is all about metrics when designing a shoe. Mimura’s measurements go by the length and circumference of each toe, heel width, and the length of Achilles tendon. 

When it comes to selecting a shoe, there is more involved than assumed. If you require assistance, come and see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can measure your feet and help you find a shoe that fits you best.   

Choosing the Right Running Shoes for Your Foot Type

Running is a physical activity although fun, can put a lot of stress on the joints, bones and ligaments of the body. Injury and stress on the foot can be an important factor on which kind of shoe you’re wearing. Running shoes should be worn based on your foot type. It is important to find out what fits you based on cushioning, stability and motion.

Determining your type

Speak with a shoe specialist or retail professional to see what your foot type is. They will be able to identify and measure your arch type, stride and gait.

Running Mechanics

When you are running or walking in your shoes, every step determines how your foot is landing. Pronation is the natural rolling of your ankle from outside to inside during foot strike.

Pronation is a correct form of walking or running. It helps absorb shock and store energy from your lower extremities. Neutral runners who pronate correctly do not need specific shoes, since they have stability and control.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Conference Focuses on Active Women and Neuroma Susceptibility

Annual Scientific Conference of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) had foot and ankle surgeons gathered to focus on neuromas and how they affect women who lead active lifestyles. Women are more likely to incur a neuroma due to the shape of women’s fashion.

One of the conference presenters, Kris DiNucci DPM, states that neuromas are especially common in women who run actively, especially when narrow shoes are often worn. A common neuroma is Morton’s Neuroma, which can occur between the third and fourth toe. All neuromas are serious conditions that can worsen over time if left untreated.

Morton’s Neuroma can really damage the feet. If you or a loved one is currently experiencing symptoms of Morton’s Neuroma, talk to podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can help treat your feet with the care they need.  

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the third and fourth toe and the ball of the foot, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible to this condition. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.  Women are more likely than men to have an occurrence of this foot condition.

What Increases the Chances of having Morton’s Neuroma?

-Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot area.
-Jogging, running and any sports that involve constant impact to the foot area.
-Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformity may put you at a higher risk for developing Morton’s neuroma.

If you suspect that you may have this condition, you should visit your podiatrist. A podiatrist will first conduct a thorough physical examination to check for palpable masses between the bones of the foot. The podiatrist will also apply pressure to the foot or toe area to replicate the pain a person experiences when active.
For more information on the treatment of diabetes, visit our link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Running Injuries Can Be Prevented with the Right Precautions

Running is a common pastime for many people. According to the Bangkok Post, many people wind up suffering injuries while running because they don’t stretch or warm-up properly. Sports medicine specialist Dr. Pornthep Mamanee of the Bangkok Academy of Sports and Exercise Medicine, says that “running is a good form to stay healthy and fit and causes fewer injuries than contact sports.”

However, even with the reduced risk of injury running is not foolproof. According to the Bangkok Post, runners who perform inadequate stretches or warm-ups are more likely to incur an inflamed Achilles tendon. Dr. Mamanee suggests changing shoes for every 500 km ran and of course performing proper warm ups.

Although no one can completely prevent running injuries, it is possible to reduce the likelihood. For more information, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can treat your foot and ankle needs.

 How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. Runner’s knee usually is treated with strengthening exercises focusing on the quad muscles and sports orthotic. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned. Physical therapy can help you learn the best exercises to heal runner’s knee.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
 
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries

- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Broken Toe Thins the Ice for Blue Jacket Defenseman

Columbus Blue Jackets defenseman James Wisniewski sustained a broken toe back in early February 2014. Although Wisniewski remains injured, Wisniewski continues to play on the ice, even if that means he has to wince in pain after a shift. Wisniewski tried taking numbing shots before each game and stuffed his foot inside the skate to try and address the pain. However, the Olympic Break could be just what the defenseman needs in order to rest and rehabilitate his toe.

It may be small, but a broken toe packs quite a bit of pain. If you sustained an injured toe, see podiatrist Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can examine and treat your injury.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture). Another type of trauma that can break a toe is repeated activity that places stress on the toe for prolonged periods of time.

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • throbbing pain
  • swelling
  • bruising on the skin and toenail
  • the inability to move the toe with ease.
  • toe appears crooked or disfigured
  •  tingling or numbness in the toe
  • injured person experiences fever or chills throughout their body, and when there is an open, bleeding wound present on the toe.

 

It is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated on pillows. Swelling can be alleviated by placing an ice pack on the broken toe for 15 minutes every two hours then taping the two toes together with medical tape. 

For more information on broken toe please follow link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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College Basketball Player Afflicted With Plantar Fasciitis


College basketball: Michigan State vs. Portland
Adreian Payne of Michigan State was forced to miss his first practice as a result of suffering plantar fasciitis. His coaches gave him the day off in order to rest his heel and speed his recovery.

“I guess the only thing you could do for it is to rest to try to get it better,” Payne said regarding his condition.

 Payne still wishes to compete in the upcoming Coaches vs. Cancer Classic, which is the next game Michigan will participate in. Payne’s coaches additionally hoped that by skipping practice Payne would be in top shape for the annual charity match.

If you have plantar fasciitis, it’s important to get plenty of rest to ensure a full recovery. For help with your heel pain, contact a podiatrist like Dr. William Buffone of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will provide you with the best treatment available to make sure you get back on your feet.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis refers to heel and arch pain caused by an inflammation of the connective tissues on the bottom of the foot.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Ill-fitting shoes
  • Weight change
  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices. 
  • Shockwave therapy – sends sound waves to the areas where pain is experience.  Requires multiple sessions.  This is used for very persistent cases of plantar fasciitis. 
  • Ultrasound-guided technique with steroid injections into the plantar fascia.  This is from a relatively new and small study, but was shown to be effective in most cases treated.

To learn more about Plantar Fasciitis please follow link below.
If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in Southold, Riverhead, or East Setauket, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Basketball Player Recovers From Reconstruction Surgery


The Nets’ Brook Lopez underwent reconstructive foot surgery earlier this year. The Nets’ center goal is to have special shoes and sneakers created in order to allow him to walk regularly. Lopez indicated that the multiple procedures on his foot to fix his fifth metatarsal on the outer edge of the foot was a major factor. They're trying to put more pressure on the inside of my foot,'' Lopez said. ""Essentially, what they did was lower the arch. It will be interesting to learn to walk differently for the first time. I'm going to be falling on my face more than I do already.”

Returning to sports is not impossible. If you sustained a foot or ankle injury and have been out on the sidelines as a result, see podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can help you get back into the game.  

Getting Back into Sports after Foot and Ankle Injuries

Sprained ankles are a frustrating and painful ordeal many athletes go through. Recovery from a sprained ankle usually involves the RICE method. This includes:

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression
  • Elevation

In addition, athletes should consider wearing an ankle brace in order to keep the ankle stabilized and alleviate any pain as it heals.

Stress fractures that occur in the foot and ankle come in two types. This includes stable and displaced. Stable stress fractures do not consist of any shifting in bone alignment while displaced stress fractures involve bone ends that do not line up.

Learn more about getting back into sports after foot and ankle injury by following link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.


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Stress Fracture Does Not Stop Young Athlete from Participation

River Rats guard Antonio Henry has been able to score 11 points and six steals to bring the team to a victory, all while contending with a stress fracture in his foot. “The kid is really giving it all he’s got,” Coach Waleed Samaha said. “Hopefully he’ll heal by the time March rolls around, but he’s not even close to 100 percent. He’s playing purely on just toughness. But we’ll take it, we need it.”

According to Samaha, Tony Whiren deserves credit for Henry’s continued performance. It was Whiren who helped Henry get fitted with a shoe-insert that lifts his foot up. Even though he’s still in the game, Henry has to ice his feet at home and struggles with difficulties walking, especially on days after a game.  

It’s not only athletes that suffer from foot and ankle stress fractures. If you suffered from a stress fracture in your foot or ankle, or believe you have, schedule an appointment with podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can determine whether or not you have a stress fracture as well as the proper course of treatment.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
The Stress Fractures occur on the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  Then the feet and ankles lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection the bones receive the full impact of each step. The stress on the feet causes cracks to form in the bones, thus called stress fractures.

What are Stress Fractures?
Common among individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:
-runners                                  
-people affected with Osteoporosis
-play tennis or basketball
-gymnastics
-high impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures, and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves in high impact will aggravate pain. For more information about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Research Says Any Type of Alcohol Could Trigger Gout Attack


Although treatment for gout typically means abstaining from beer, a new study suggests even ‘healthier’ alcohols such as wine could trigger a gout attack. Additionally, any increase to the amount of any type of alcohol can risk triggering a gout attack. The participants involved in the study who consumed 1-2 drinks within a 24 hour period wound up increasing the susceptibility of a gout attack by 36 percent, with that rate increasing to 50 for those who consumed 2-4 drinks.

“I don’t want to sound too dogmatic and say, ‘You must stop drinking’ but ‘based on this study, I would counsel patients that any type of alcohol may trigger an attack,” lead author and rheumatologist Dr. Tuhina Neogi states. As a result, it is advisable for any patient with gout to minimize their alcohol intake.

 

If you believe you are suffering from gout, you should seek out the care of podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can diagnose your condition as well as provide you with treatment options that work for you.  

 

What is gout?

Diseases of the feet can affect the whole body, and symptoms usually arise within the feet. A condition like gout can make a patient’s ability to walk unbearable.  The pain caused by this disease is often so agonizing that it requires elevation of the feet and some time off of them to recover.

Known in the past as “the disease of kings”, Gout is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body.  This buildup of acid is typically seen on the big toe of the foot and can cause inflammation, redness and swelling. Although these are common symptoms of the diseases others include joint pain, extreme fatigue and a high fever.  Gout can be treated by NSAIDs, which relieves pain and inflammation and other drugs which lowers the acid levels in the body.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Children in Uganda Receive Shoes Thanks to Charity

 Sole Hope allowed local citizens to gather at Concord Baptist Church to help create shoes for impoverished children in Uganda. These children in particular need the shoes due to a risk of a local parasitic insect getting under their skin. This is especially likely to happen to children who are barefoot.

To add to the danger, this particular insect can actually lead to developing an infection that can sometimes be fatal. The volunteers who took part in the event cut out the fabric and other materials used to make the shoes. The shoes were then shipped to Africa by Sole Hope and assembled by workers in Uganda.

All children need to have healthy feet. To make sure you are keeping your children’s feet healthy, take them to podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can work to treat your child’s feet and treat any conditions he or she may have.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet in childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care from birth to school-age.

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

  • Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet
  • Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’.  Be sure the child wears comfortable and protective shoes so that they can grow into their feet properly.

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet

  • Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus
  • Be watchful of any pain or injury
  • Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible
  • Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Injury Spells Horrible Pain for Veteran Fighter


http://www2.cdn.sherdog.com/_images/pictures/20130924093838_IMG_9565.JPG UFC fighter Anderson Silva contends with an immense amount of pain after suffering a nasty injury in a rematch against Chris Weidman at UFC 168. Weidman landed an incredibly strong strike that resulted in Silva fracturing his leg. Even now, Silva wants to know where his mistakes lied during the fight, even admitting to Brazilian network Rede Globo that the event of the injury is still fresh in his mind.

As far as his current state goes, Silva says “I’m improving. I’m not going 100 percent, but I’m already taking little steps with a crutch. It’s a pain I do not wish on anyone. Since I came from Las Vegas, I left the hospital. I can’t sleep all night. It’s very difficult.” Sadly, the pain is intense enough that Silva goes out in the car when he needs to cry so as to not disturb his wife and children.

Foot and ankle injuries are painful and can stop athletes from playing the sports they love. For assistance caring for your condition, consult with a podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry can take a look at the injured area and work with you to figure out the best way to handle it.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports-related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Runners Can Change Biomechanics

Some studies that have been performed indicate that not only can the biomechanics of the feet be measured, but can actually be changed as well. When it comes to bodily biomechanics; having a certain biomechanics composition can affect how hard one’s feet hit the ground.

This affects how running and other activities affect their body along with weight and speed.  Back in 2010, scientists at the University of Delaware examined a group of test subjects whose biomechanics made them take particularly hard strides while running. These subjects were instructed on how to change their bodily alignment. Fortunately, the attempt was a permanent success, allowing the runners to not only make softer steps but to sustain fewer injuries in the process as well.

Biomechanics is very helpful in understanding your body. For more information about your own biomechanics, check with a podiatrist like Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone will analyze your body composition and give you advice about how to improve your alignment.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body causing an interference with the biological structure and focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.
Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.
Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Foot Osteoarthritis Affects One in Six People Over 50



A painful form of arthritis in the foot affects one in six people over 50, according to research. Experts at Keele University’s Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre studied more than 5,000 people with painful foot osteoarthritis.  Osteoarthritis is known for causing inflammation in and around the joints, including pain and mobility issues.

The conditions is believed to affect more women than men, while those who spend a lot of time doing manual labor are more likely to develop it. Professor Anthony Redmond, spokesman for the charity, said: "The new study tells us that these problems in the midfoot involve some of the same processes that affect arthritic hips and knees: conditions that are taken much more seriously.

Arthritis is a painful condition. If you are suffering arthritic pain in your feet or ankles, podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry can diagnose and treat your arthritic pain.  

Arthritic Foot Care

In our lifetimes we walk 75,000 miles, putting a great deal of stress on the 26 bones and 30 joints in our feet. As we age, our feet lose flexibility and elasticity. Our shock absorbers weaken, and if you add arthritis to that combination, joints become inflamed and distorted. Arthritic foot care becomes imperative at this point.

Start taking better care of your feet by buying better fitting shoes. Hammertoes, neuroma, and bunions form when our shoes fit poorly. Buy shoes with a lower heel and with more room in the shoe. Rheumatoid arthritis will cause you to lose your arch. Buying shoes with arch support will help, as will buying shoes that contour to your foot.

To learn more about Arthritic Foot Care, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.


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Young Athlete Recovers from Severs Disease


 10-year-old Tom Seager is an avid athlete who enjoys sports. Not only does Seager regularly partake in junior distance running; but also plays rugby, football, hockey and even enjoys kite-surfing. That’s why Seager and his family were shocked when Seager seemed to suddenly have sore calves and heels, especially since Seager happens to be a healthy child who hasn’t sustained any injuries.  

Seager’s parents took him to a physician, where they would be informed that Tom was suffering from Sever’s disease, a condition prevalent in athletic children. Research shows that as our society becomes more active, instances of this disease being diagnosed are becoming more common. Fortunately, Tom would make a full recovery rather quickly and was able to return to the track.

Severs disease can be painful. If you suspect your child might be suffering from Severs Disease, podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry can examine your child and provide treatment options.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Toe gait- develops in which the child must change the way they walk to avoid placing weight on the heel. This can lead to other problems as well in the future.

Symptoms

Acute pain – pain asscoiatied with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

Improper pronation – the rolling of the foot during walking or running and obesity are all linked to causing Sever’s disease.

For more information about Sever’s Disease, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Study Shows Walking Can Lower Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

 A study conducted on individuals suffering from Impaired Glucose Tolerance, or IGT, suggests that regularly walking and keeping a light exercise routine can reduce the likelihood of contracting cardiovascular disease by about ten percent.

About 344 million people worldwide are affected by IGT, with the condition known to be a precursor for diabetes and other heart-related conditions. Dr. Thomas Yates from the University of Leicester, who led the study, measured the effectiveness of walking on subjects by having them exercise for 150 minutes a week for one year, later increasing their regimens by walking for 2000 more steps for the following year. The study’s results were that participants who increased their exercise routines lowered risk of getting a cardiovascular event by 8%.

It’s good to walk and exercise, which makes knowledge of walking and running shoes especially important. Podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry  can help you on your path to wellness and even make recommendations for you to get off on the right foot to make your walking safe and effective.  

The Differences between Walking & Running Shoes

There are great ways to stay in shape: running and walking are two great exercises to a healthy lifestyle. It is important to know that running shoes and walking shoes are not interchangeable. There is a key difference on how the feet hit the ground when someone is running or walking. This is why one should be aware that a shoe is designed differently for each activity.

You may be asking yourself what the real differences are between walking and running shoes and the answers may shock you.

Differences

Walking doesn’t involve as much stress or impact on the feet as running does. However, this doesn’t mean that you should be any less prepared. When you’re walking, you land on your heels and have your foot roll forward. This rolling motion requires additional support to the feet.

Flexibility – walking shoes are designed to have soft, flexible soles. This allows the walker to push off easily with each step.

Heel – walking shoes also have a beveled or angled heel. This helps absorb shock and puts less pressure on the ankles.

Running

When you are running, you might not realize how much impact is being caused every time you land. Damage to your ankle, heel, or foot itself can occur if proper equipment is not used while running.

For more information about the Differences between Walking and Running Shoes, read the following article.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Committed Canadians Run Barefoot in the Snow

One small group of Canadians is so dedicated to barefoot running that they do it in the snow. They have no qualms about going without shoes in sleet and ice, saying that the exercise makes a powerful metabolic reaction in their feet that prevents them from getting too cold.  To that end, one runner named Rod Begg has founded a cold weather running event called the Winter Challenge. “You could say we’re a fringe of a fringe,” said Begg of the barefoot snow runners. “Some use the word ‘crazy.’”

Barefoot running is a trendy and rewarding exercise technique, but you should know what you are getting into before you start. For more information, check with podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can answer any questions that you may have and help you become a more knowledgeable runner.

 

Barefoot Running

The Impact of Barefoot Running
-Running without shoes changes the motion of your running, as most running is done by landing on the heel of the feet.
-Running barefoot requires a different way of running; the landing is done on the front part of the feet.

The Advantages of Barefoot Running

-When running and landing on the front feet, the impact on the feet and ankle is reduced, this can reduce stress injuries.
-It strengthens muscles in the feet and ankles and the lower legs.
-Balance of the body is improved and there is a greater sensory input from the feet to the rest of the body.

The Drawbacks of Barefoot Running
-No protection while running, makes it likely that runners will land on sharp objects and scrapes, bruises and cuts on the feet will result.
-Blisters may form.
-Possibility of plantar fascia problems.
-Risk of getting Achilles tendonitis.

So what can runners do to make barefoot running safe? It’s best to make a slow transition from running shoes to barefoot running. Once the feet begin to adjust, try walking, then jogging and gradually increasing the distance. Minimalist running shoes may also be an option.
If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Routine to Ease Pain from High Heels

http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/Images/TSOL/Photos-Gallery/ForOnline/2013/11/28/str2_ga_2811_foot%20yoga.ashx?w=620&h=413&crop=1&
Yoga instructor Yamuna Zake has developed a unique program that could help those who enjoy wearing heels minimize the painful costs. Zake, who stated that most women abandon heels by the age of 45, still enjoys heels at the age of 59.

According to 2012 reports, more women have opted for dermal fillings or ‘toe jobs’ in order to make wearing high heels less painful. Zake, on the other hand, has implemented a more natural method.

Zake’s program involves a sixty minute routine that includes massaging the feet with small balls and evenly distributing weight while walking or standing. While Zake does not advocate with wearing high heels frequently, she does not forbid it, saying you can wear heels “as long as you are smart and have a healthy foot practice regimen”.

Wearing high heels can cause discomfort or difficulty in standing or walking, if you have concerns over the usage of high heels you should seek the aid of a podiatrist like Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry.  Dr. Buffone can provide you with more information on alternative footwear as well as further details on foot and ankle pain you may be experiencing from heels.


Effects of High Heels on the Feet

High heels are popular shoes among women because they are associated with femininity.  Despite their appeal, they can cause many health problems if worn too frequently.
What parts my body will be affected by high heels?

  • Ankle Joints
  • Achilles Tendon – may shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
  • Balls of the Feet
  • Knees – heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
  • Back – they decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain.  Also, the vertebrae of the lower back may compress.

What kinds of foot problems can develop from wearing high heels?

  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Morton’s Neuroma
  • Plantar Fasciitis

To learn more about the effects of high heels on the feet, please follow link below.
If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on High Heels

 

Durable NFL Player Sustains Ankle Fracture


Kyle Wilber, George Selvie, Scott Wells Scott Wells of the NFL Rams suffered a broken ankle during a game against the 49ers. As a result, the football player will be off the field and on the recovery table for the remainder of the season. Rams coach Jeff Fisher reported that Wells specifically fractured his left tibula and estimated a four to six week recovery. Known for being a particularly durable player, Wells only missed six games over the course of his seven year football career. However, Wells only participated in seven games last season.  

Broken ankles can really take a toll. If you suffered a fractured ankle or believe you might have suffered an ankle fracture, seek the service of podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry, who can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Broken Ankles
The ankle consists of three bones- the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. The tibia and the fibula are the two bones that connect to your knees. They sit directly above the talus bone, which is protected by a fibrous membrane and allows slight movement in the ankle joint. A break usually occurs in one of these bones after the foot is twisted too far, a strong impact like jumping from a great height, or repeated stresses like running.

Diagnosis
If you suffer an ankle injury, it is essential that you receive a correct diagnosis. One of the first signs that the ankle is broken is an inability to put any weight on it. There will often be severe bruising and swelling at the sight of the injury. Your doctor may also order an x-ray be taken to determine the exact location and extent of the injury.

Treatment
Without proper care, a broken ankle may not heal properly and could cause arthritis and instability later in life. Therefore, seeking proper treatment is essential to making a full recovery.
There a number of steps you can take to accelerate the healing process however. Elevating your feet above your head and icing the ankle can reduce pain and swelling. Your doctor may decide that surgery is the best option, meaning you will likely be in a cast for at least three months.

To learn more about Broken Ankles, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Broken Ankles

 

Diabetic Feet Require Extra Care According to Experts



Healthcare experts at Southeastern Wound Healing Center and several members of the Healogics network discovered that within every hour at least seven people undergo a foot or leg amputated as a result of diabetes related complications.  
“The disease is responsible for being the leading cause of lower-limb amputations not caused by accidents, according to Southeastern Health. This is due to the challenges many diabetic patients face.
Not only do these patients contend with diminished circulation but also have an impaired ability to sense the earliest stages of foot injury due to disease-associated nerve damage according to Scott Covington, MD, FACS, CHWS, Executive Vice President, Medical Affairs for Healogics, Inc. Physicians at SWHC recommend people with diabetes manually inspect their feet each day and seek immediate attention if a lower extremity wound has increased pain.
If you are suffering from diabetic foot conditions, podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry will help you and your feet on the road to wellness.  
Foot Care for Diabetics
Diabetes is a condition that affects millions of people annually. The condition affects blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. When damage from diabetes occurs to nerves in the feet, they may be unable to send proper signaling to the peripheral nervous system, resulting in neuropathy. If a diabetic patient develops neuropathy, it is important to provide good care for the feet to avoid the risk of amputation.

Caring for Diabetic Feet
- Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
- Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
- Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Be sure to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet. For diabetic patients, the risk of amputation and sepsis increases if medical treatment is not sought right away, especially when it comes to the feet. Early treatment and routine foot inspection are keys to maintaining good health.
To learn more about diabetic foot health, please follow link below.
If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read the full article on Diabetic Foot Care

 

Ankle Sprain Benches NFL Quarterback
Jay Cutler
Chicago Bears quarterback Jay Cutler  has been placed on the bench after sustaining an ankle sprain during a game against the Detroit Lions. As a result, Cutler might miss anywhere from four to six weeks, which may mean the rest of the season.

 In regards to Cutler’s injury, coach Marc Trestman said that "It's very tough to pull your starting quarterback out when he's throwing the ball with velocity, when he's hitting his receivers, and he's able to move in the pocket and complete a throwing motion,". Despite estimates, there has been no gauge as to the severity of Cutler’s injury.  

 

Sprained ankles are painful and can take you out of your daily activities. If you suffered an ankle sprain, be sure to contact podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry , who can provide the right treatment and care for your foot and ankle needs.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Happen?
This type of injury takes place when the ligaments are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured; however, even the simple act of walking may cause a sprain. If footing is lost or you are walking on uneven terrain, ankle damage may occur.
What are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin, depending on severity

Is there a Way to Care for my Ankle at Home?
Self-care for ankle sprains includes propping the ankle up and keeping it elevated, applying ice packs as needed, and remaining off your feet. Some may also find that wrapping the ankle with an ACE bandage and taking over-the-counter pain relievers are helpful. One of the most important things is to avoid further stress to the affected area.
Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits can aid in prevention

Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast, which will allow you to walk while stabilizing the ankle.  However, if the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required. 
To learn more about Sprained Ankles, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Sprained Ankles

 

Surgery will Place Delfino Off the Bench for Rest of Season


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Carlos Delfino of the NBA will be requiring additional surgery despite receiving a procedure and rehabilitation for a broken foot. Delfino will need at least four months recovery time and will likely be benched for the rest of the season. Because Delfino will be off the court for some time, the team will be placing other players of the farm system.  

Despite even the best efforts for treatment, sometimes surgery is required when it comes to injuries to the foot and ankle. Podiatrist Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry can help you determine what the best route for you to take is based on your requirements.

 

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to help with the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary are:
- Removing foot deformities like bone spurs and bunions
- Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
- Reconstruction to attend injuries caused by accidents or malformations

What Types of Surgery Are There?
The type of surgery you receive will be dependent on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:
- Bunionectomy for painful bunions
- Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
- Nerve removal for painful nerve endings

Benefits of Surgery
Although surgery is usually a last resort, when it is undertaken, if can provide more complete pain relief than before, and may allow you to finally resume full activity.
Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Such techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Surgery

 

Achilles Injury Fumbles Player Out of Game


Leon Hall
Leon Hall of the Cincinnati Bengals sustained an Achilles injury during a game against the Lions. The NFL cornerback landed awkwardly while covering Calvin Johnson in the end zone, with both men jumping to reach for a high pass that went out of bounds.

 Hall was able to walk off the field even after clutching his ankle in pain but still appeared to be fighting back pain from what appeared to be a season ending injury. Hall was declared out for the rest of the game, but until he undergoes MRI scans there is no assurance of his return.   

Injuring your Achilles tendon is a painful experience. Seek the care of a podiatrist like Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry who can diagnose your foot or ankle injury, and provide you with the best treatments possible for your condition.

Just What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in our bodies. As the tendon that connects the heel to the calf muscles, the Achilles tendon helps with even the most basic movement in the legs such as walking. As a result, the Achilles tendon can risk incurring Achilles tendinitis or even a rupture. Those especially at risk include people who overexert themselves during physical activity, namely athletes.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms Include:

  • Inflammation
  • Increased Blood Flow
  • Tendon Thickening
  • Slower Movement Time
  • Pain ranging from dull to severe

Achilles Tendon ruptures are caused by the tendon ‘snapping’ or ripping. There are often more painful and immediate as opposed to Achilles tendinitis. There are surgical and non-surgical methods in treating Achilles tendon ruptures, with recovery time possibly taking up to a year.

While no injury is completely avoidable, there are preventive measures that can lower your chances. This includes:

  • Incorporating strengthening exercises to your workout regimen such as squats and leg presses
  • Stretch your tendon before and after exercise
  • Wear comfortable, fitted footwear that is occasion-specific

And of course, if you believe you have injured your Achilles tendon be sure to visit a podiatrist immediately, as they can help diagnose and address your problem.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY,  or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read More about Achilles tendon injuries.  

 


Bunion Patient Invents Shoe to Help Treat Condition

Shahmaz Rizwan has invented a pair of bunion-busting slippersShahmaz Rizwan has contended with bunions for most of her life, becoming so painful that Rizwan eventually needed crutches to walk. In order to help combat the condition, Rizwan created a 3D design of a shoe that would shift the position of the big toe and minimize the amount of pain felt by the person wearing it.

Rizwan took the design to a shoe maker and had a prototype made, which she claims has helped her feet immensely. “It’s a non-surgical procedure and in six months your toe will be in the right place,” Rizwan said. “I have no pain and can walk for miles.”

Having bunions can be a painful experience, but they are often treatable. If you’re seeking relief from a bone deformity like bunions, you can contact a podiatrist like Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry who can diagnose your problem and help to minimize your discomfort.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is an enlargement of the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The enlargement is formed of swollen tissue or boney growth.

Formation

Genetics – people who are susceptible to bunions are often genetically predisposed.
Stress on the feet – wearing improperly fitting shoes or running and walking with improper form may cause stress on the feet. Wearing high heeled shoes puts the weight from the body onto the toes, causing further stress and bone displacement.

Treatment  

Wearing a wider shoe can remove the pressure on the bunion and reduce pain. High heeled shoes should not be worn, as this forces the big toe inward toward the smaller toes. Avoiding these types of shoes will eliminate the pain associated with bunions, but if the pain continues, medication may be prescribed.
Orthotics or special foot soles may help the area by providing relief. But if these types of treatment do not work, surgery is required.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY, or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on bunions.


NBA Player Taken Out Due to Plantar Fascia Injury

Marcus Camby of the Houston Rockets is hanging on for dear life when it comes to his professional basketball career. The 39 year old center incurred another setback after tearing his plantar fascia. “My plantar fascia is torn,” Camby told the Houston Chronicle, “I’m trying to do whatever I can to avoid surgery.

We’re just going to rehab it and see how it goes in the next two weeks and take it from there. We don’t want to rehab it and nurse it and still have it lingering. That is something I’m going to sit back and figure out and definitely look toward long term, as the season progresses to the second half of the season. I have to be smart about it.” The timetable to Camby’s recovery is unknown but it is estimated to range between weeks and months.

Plantar Fasciitis can be painful and frustrating, especially when playing a competitive sport. If you are currently experiencing pain in the ball of your foot or heels, where the plantar fascia is located, it is best to seek the care of a podiatrist like Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone can examine your feet and work with you to provide an appropriate treatment option to ensure healing and recovery.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissues on the bottom of the foot, causing pain in the heel and arch of the foot.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Lack of adequate footwear
  • Obesity
  • Excessive running
  • Poor foot support
  • Overpronation

How Can Plantar Fasciitis Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices. 
  • Shockwave therapy – sends sound waves to the areas where pain is experience.  Requires multiple sessions.  This is used for very persistent cases of plantar fasciitis. 
  • Ultrasound-guided technique with steroid injections into the plantar fascia.  This is from a relatively new and small study, but was shown to be effective in most cases treated.

For more information on Plantar Fasciitis please follow link below.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY, or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on Plantar Fasciitis.


Cracked Heels Linked to Diabetes in Study

According to the 2012 National Foot Health Assessment lead by the Institute for Preventive Foot Health, 20% of American adults 21 and over contend with frequent dryness on their feet. Additionally, split skin is more common among women by at least 50% according to the evaluation.  

Symptoms of cracked heels include peeling and/or cracked skin red or flaky patches, itchiness, and bleeding from the ‘cracked’ area. Cracked heels are also known as “heel fissures,” and are common among people afflicted with diabetes. According to The Star, cracked heels can be difficult to treat if the skin around the outer part is already thickened or callused.     

Having cracked heels can be bothersome and embarrassing but it doesn’t have to be. Seek the help of a podiatrist like Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry. Dr. Buffone  will examine your feet and provide you with the best treatments possible.

The Truth about Cracked Heels

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels are unappealing, and make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Not only may they look bad, but they can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How do you get them?
Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief, or who suffer from chronic dry feet.
Pumice Stones – these remove dead skin, and then you can massage cream onto your foot. This way the cream will be absorbed. The skin needs to be exfoliated; therefore the outer layer dead skin needs removal.

Change in Diet

Eating healthy, with a well-balanced diet, will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to what kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements will also help with skin tissue.

Most importantly seek a health professional for foot care if something is wrong or doesn’t seem to be working. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY, or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more on Cracked Heels.


 Extra Cushioning in Shoes Does Not Prevent Running Injuries  

Jay Donelson of LA Cycling Fitness Examiner states running is a great exercise but can be hard on the feet, knees and hips. The most important piece of equipment that runners should decide on is picking out the right shoes, adds Donelson.

Most runners run on hard surfaces, and believe that having extra cushioning in their shoes will help limit injures. However, according to a recent study conducted by the Sports Medicine Research Laboratory of the Department of Public Health in Luxembourg, results showed no difference among different levels of cushioning in shoes pertaining to lower extremity injuries. But other findings showed that heavier runners were 13 per cent more likely to suffer injuries than lighter runners.

A podiatrist like Dr. William F. Buffone DPM of North Fork Podiatry provide exercise recommendations that allow you to gain strength in your feet and ankles while avoiding foot pain or foot injuries.

Exercise for Your Feet

If you spend most of your time on your feet, or don’t either way your feet should deserve attention. There are many people who exercise regularly and still don’t spend enough time to care for their feet. Your foot does get exposure that requires maintenance since your health has a lot to do with footing.

Exercises

Toe rise – this exercise involves standing on the tip-toes for a count of 15 seconds, then resting your feet on ground. This exercise should be repeated three times a day to strengthen the feet.

Toe Pick-ups – the toes are exercises that are done by picking up small items using your toes. This helps strengthen the muscles on the upper part of the feet. Three sets along with 15 seconds being held should be completed. Small items like marbles or stationary will work.

Ankle Pump – can be performed upwards or downwards. The workout can be completed both ways at the same time. This involves flexing the foot either towards the shin or to the ground. This makes the foot work very well, working large parts of the muscles.

Stretching – your muscles in the feet need to relax and return to its natural stage. Placing both feet onto the ground and leaning with your back against a wall helps. This way when stretching occurs, both feet are relaxed.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices in East Setauket, NY, Southold, NY, or Riverhead, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read the Full Article on Foot Exercise.

 






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